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EN - Portugal Winery Map

por Turiventos, em 10.03.15

 

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Vinho Verde (Green Wine)

Some say that the term "green" is due to the acidity and freshness characteristics of Vinho Verde and reminiscent of the fruit still green. Others claim that the "Green" origin is explained by the fact that wine be produced in a region rich in vegetation and therefore very "green" even in winter.

Vinho Verde is the biggest DOC of Portugal, up in the cool, rainy, verdant North West. The vines grow in fertile, granite soils along rivers that flow from the mountains of the east to burst out into the ocean between golden surfing beaches.

The outer boundaries of both the “Vinho Regional” Minho and DOC Vinho Verde are the same, stretching from the River Minho in the north, which forms Portugal’s border with Spain, as far down the coast as the city of Porto (Oporto), but inland extending a further 30km south of the river Douro. 


Cool, wet weather always makes ripening more difficult, but the climatic problems were long compounded in the region by the tradition of training vines along pergolas on the edges of fields, and sometimes up trees, in order to gain space and free up the centre of fields for other crops. 

There are many smallholdings (many are really small), and grapes are still often trained in this way, but modern vineyards, and certainly the vineyards of major estates, are now low-trained on wires, giving better exposure to the limited sun, and better ripening.


Vinho Verde is still distinguished by its high acidity. Flavour depends on the grape varieties used - floral Loureiro, steely Trajadura, mineral Arinto (known here as Pedernã), creamy and mineral Avesso, and the fine, mineral, subtly fragrant Alvarinho. Azal Branco is hard to ripen and declining in popularity, and in any case tends to get blended with more aromatic grapes. Most white Vinho Verde can be relied upon to be light, crisp and aromatic, often with a light prickle of fizz, sometimes with a touch of sweetness. 


The fine Alvarinho grape rules around the towns of Melgaço and Monção in the north, along the Minho river. The climate here is warmer and drier, the maritime influence partially blocked by hills, and the combination of grape and climate makes for richer, fuller, subtly complex wines, made dry and totally still.

 
The DOC Vinho Verde has also permitted fully sparkling wines since 1999 – a growing and promising venture. And there is a lot of red Vinho Verde, too - dark, high in acidity, low in alcohol, made principally from the late-ripening, red-fleshed Vinhão grape. 


There are nine sub-regions to the DOC, named after rivers or towns: Monção, Melgaço, Lima, Basto, Cávado, Ave, Amarante, Baião, Sousa and Paiva.

 

Wine tourism

Quinta da Aveleda

 

A trip to the Quinta da Aveleda is not only synonymous with vines lose sight and a cellar with advanced technology which produces one of the Vinho Verde sold worldwide. Sign in Aveleda is to make a real trip to the time of Minho families living on solar typical of the region.

Wine tourism services:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Store

Meals for groups (by appointment)

Awards

Best of Wine Tourism - Great Wine Capitals 2010

Best Film - Category Rural Tourism, Art & Tur International Tourism Film Festival 2008

 

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Quinta Brejoeira

Who goes through Monsoon is not indifferent to the imposing Palace of Brejoeira. Considered a national monument since 1910, is a grand building in neo-classical style of the early nineteenth century.

Wine Tourism:

Fifth program (Grove, Gardens and Old Cellar)

Palace & Farm Program (Inner Palace Chapel Gardens, Grove, Old Cellar, Vineyards)

Alvarinho & Heritage Program (Palace, Farm and proof Albariño wine Brejoeira Palace)

 

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Tras-os-Montes

In Tras-os-Montes region vine growing is secular. There are references that show wine production during the Roman occupation in the region. These wines were known for their great quality.

In the remote north east of Portugal, cut off from the coast by a series of mountain ranges, Trás-os-Montes is wild, high country, its soils poor and unproductive, granitic with here and there the odd patch of schist. The extreme continental climate brings long, hot summers followed by long, icy winters.

The region is divided into three sub-zones, Chaves, Valpaços and Planalto Mirandês, the first two in the centre of the region, while Planalto Mirandês is on the plateau of the Serra do Mogadouro in the south east, bordering on Spain.

The wines are a product of the high altitude and extreme climate, reds made from Bastardo, Marufo, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional and Trincadeira (Tinta Amarela), whites from Côdega do Larinho, Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Rabigato, Síria (Côdega) and Viosinho.

Wine tourism

Casa Grande

In eighteenth-century building, the mid-18th century, the Casa Grande do Seixo as it is known, is in the village in which it operates a marked presence of great architectural, historical and cultural value. Casa Grande do Seixo supported on the main street of the village prevails over all mesh built as a major element of rural and religious experience which remain to this day. Set in a fertile plain located between the hills of Falgueira east and the mountains of the Barrocal to the west which flows the river of Oura, is crossed by paths that connect the beautiful rural roads of secular characteristics where a landscape of pure nature.

In addition to the evidence of wines and liquors, also can make cycling in the area and hiking the trails that surround the vineyards.

Lunches, snacks and dinners.

 

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Porto and Douro

Long famous as the source of port wine, the Douro is now also renowned for its fine, rich unfortified wines, both red and white.

This is one of the wildest, most mountainous and rugged wine regions of Portugal, cut through in deep twists and turns by the River Douro. Defying gravity on the steep slopes along the banks of the river and its tributaries, the vines are planted in poor, schistous soils. 

Man has engraved his own contours here – in the centre of the region, the historic, narrow, stone-walled vine terraces have been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, while elsewhere, modern terraces are wider, buttressed by steep banks of earth.

The wine region follows the course of the river down from the Spanish border to a point near the town of Mesão Frio, about 90km up-river from the city of Porto (Oporto). Here the Serra do Marão rises up, protecting the region from the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. 

Rain falls mainly on the western side of the Marão range, and to a certain extent in the western end of the Douro wine region, but dwindle further up-river, and by the Spanish border conditions are almost desert-like. 

The Douro region is divided into three sub-regions: from west to east the Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior. The fertile, cooler, rainier Baixo Corgo, closest to the Serra do Marão, is the sub region with the most vineyards. 

The Cima Corgo, including the towns of Pinhão, São João da Pesqueira and Tua, is the heartland of fine port production, also the source of many of today’s fine unfortified wines. The Douro Superior, very cold in winter, infernally hot in summer, is the biggest of the sub-regions (by no means all planted but much planting is underway). 

The Douro has a huge selection of local grape varieties, and many vineyards of impressive, gnarled old vines that give small yields of rich, complex wine, whether for port or for unfortified wines. Dozens of different grape varieties may be mixed together in these old vineyards. In modern vineyards, vines are planted separately, and five grapes have been declared the top choice for port: Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional, Tinta Barroca and Tinto Cão. 

Plantations of the red-juiced, high-acid Sousão, as known as Vinhão elsewhere, have increased recently. Another black grape much planted in older vineyards is Tinta Amarela (as known as Trincadeira). Amongst whites, notable grapes are Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Moscatel, Rabigato and Viosinho. Some of these, from old, mixed-variety vineyards at high altitudes, are being used for a new generation of dry white wines.

Brandy

With the development of exports of port began the practice of adding him brandy. Thus, the wine resisted unchanged to travel at sea and stopping the fermentation with brandy made the wine sweeter and suitable to the taste of the English market.

Douro: DOC

In 1756 created the General Company of Agriculture of the Upper Douro Vineyards. This body had as its main responsibilities to the limitation of the region and vineyard register, classify wines according to their quality and establish certain wine practices in the region. It was the birth of one of the first specific regions of the world.

The Porto name

The name "Porto" is explained by the fact that the wine be stored and marketed from the port located between the city of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia. The wine went down the river Douro in Rabelo boats and aged in warehouses of Vila Nova de Gaia, as this area has few variations in temperature during the year.

The rarest Porto

The most expensive Porto wine and rarest in the world is produced by Quinta do Noval. Your Porto Nacional Vintage is produced few times and always in limited numbers (200 to 250 boxes). One of its peculiarities is that the grapes come from vines planted without rootstocks, very old and rare in the region.

Wine tourism

Aquapura Douro Valley

Opened in June 2007, in the fifth valley of Abraao, the Aquapura Douro Valley results from the recovery of a solar-19th century, having been transformed into a modern space set in a bucolic setting. It is characterized by sophisticated atmosphere that ranges from the intimate ambience of the rooms and public, large and bright spaces.

Servicing

Hotel:

SPA

Restaurant

 

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CS Vintage House Hotel

In the heart of the Douro region, this hotel resulting from an adapted cellar and which was renovated in 2009 is situated in the bank of the Douro and offers spacious and comfortable rooms enjoy views of the river.

Servicing

Hotel:

Restaurant

Tennis Court

Wine Tourism:

Course / Wine Tasting

Store

 

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Quinta da Pacheca Wine House Hotel

The Wine House Hotel is set in Quinta da Pacheca, one of the oldest properties of the Douro and pioneer in private label wine bottling.

The estate house, with typical architecture of the 18th century, was restored in 2009 and now serves boutique hotel. This offers rural characteristics, but with tears of great contemporary and comfort, being entirely devoted to the gastronomic and wine tourism.

Servicing

Hotel:

Restaurant

Wine Tourism:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Store

Awards

Best Wine Tourism Award 2006 - Innovative Wine Tourism Experiences

 

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Távora-Varosa

Cistercian Monks

Although the growing of vines dates back to the Roman occupation, it was only in the 12th Century that this culture went through a major development, set by the hand of the Cistercian monks, who grew the vine on their lands.

This is a small, remote, mountainous region in the north of the VR Beiras, bordering on the Douro to the north, and the Dão region to the south.

The climate is continental, with extremes of temperature, and vines grow at 500 to 800 metres above sea level on granite or schist soils. 
At this altitude, the grapes retain good acidity and fruit, and are perfect for production sparkling wines – indeed this was the first region in Portugal to be demarcated for sparkling wines, in 1989.
Malvasia Fina accounts for about half of older vineyards, along with Bical, Cerceal, Fernão Pires and Gouveio, while major reds are Tinta Barroca, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca and Touriga Nacional.
For nearly a century, Távora-Varosa has also had significant plantings of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir (two of the major grapes of the Champagne region of France) and more is being planted. 
With an admiring eye on the success of the Douro producers to the north, Távora-Varosa producers have also been planting more of the top Portuguese red grapes, such as Touriga Franca, which ripen less well in these conditions, however. 

 

Wine tourism

Quinta do Cabriz

Quinta de Cabriz is located between the two main rivers that cross the region of Dão, the Mondego and Dão. It is a secular farm where besides the house of the 17th century there is also a chapel.

Servicing

Wine Tourism:

Course / Wine tasting

Vineyard and winery

store

restaurant

Winebar

 

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Bairrada

In the western part of the Beiras, between the mountainous Dão region and the surf-washed Atlantic beaches, Bairrada has a mild, maritime climate with abundant rainfall.

Although much of the Bairrada region is hilly, the majority of the vineyards are on flatter land. Vineyards are often divided into a multitude of small plots. There are two main types of soil: clay-limestone and sandy, each influencing style of wine.

This is a very important area for sparkling wines. Base wines for sparkling wines need the kind of high acidity that the cool Bairrada climate delivers. Sparkling Bairrada wines  may have the fragrance of the Maria Gomes grapes (also known as Fernão Pires), or they may be more steely, based perhaps on Arinto, Bical and Cercial, sometimes with some Chardonnay. There are also ‘blancs de noirs’ based on quickly-pressed Baga.

Baga is the traditional local red grape. It makes tannic wines that can have high acidity if under-ripe, but if ripened and handled well the Baga can give rich, dense fruity reds that age into elegant wines of great complexity. 

Since 2003, a multiplicity of other grapes has been permitted in DOC Bairrada wines – national grapes such as Touriga Nacional and Alfrocheiro as well as the international likes of Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Syrah and Merlot.

Red Bairrada these days comes in a bewildering array of styles. Predominant amongst white grapes is the fragrant Maria Gomes, while Arinto, Bical, Cercial e Rabo de Ovelha can be made into steely, long-lived whites

The Brazilian market

During D.Maria's reign (1734/1816) the wines were largely exported to Brazil, where they were much appreciated. They were also exported to North America, France and England.

Vine growing

In 1137, D.Afonso Henriques approved the growing of vines in the Herdade de Eiras, under the public road from Vilarinum to Buzaco. The payment to the crown was just the fourth part of the wine produced.

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Wine tourism

Quinta do Encontro

A dream and passion for the wines, we created the vision of forms and exterior and interior lines in perfect harmony conceptual, between the production of wine and architecture.

To find the building shall be free, almost eyes closed, go without barriers our science and art of producing wines of excellence, and have a unique sensory experience in a cellar design. We organize visits and tastings, that stimulate your senses, from music that merges with the characteristic aromas of the wine production, will taste experience of original flavors of lush signature cuisine.

 

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Dao e Lafoes

Surrounded on all sides by mountains, the Dão region is protected both from the direct influence of the continental climate, and from the chill and rains from the ocean.

This is high country, rising from 200 metres above sea level at its lowest spots to 1,000 metres in the Serra da Estrela, the high mountain range to the south and east of the region. High altitude makes for cool nights, slower ripening, good acidity and aroma, and the potential for great elegance in the wines, both red and white.

Dão wines can usually age well. Vineyards, often very small patches of vines, are scattered at various altitudes amidst pine forests. Soils are very poor and granitic, with some schist to the south-west. For red wines, Touriga Nacional and Alfrocheiro perform very well here, with the help of Tinta Roriz (also Known as Aragonez, or, in Spain, Tempranillo), along with the traditional Jaen, Baga, Bastardo and Tinta Pinheira.

Star white grape is the Encruzado, making styles ranging from light, fresh whites to richer, barrel-fermented versions. Supporting white varieties are Bical, Cercial, Malvasia Fina, Rabo de Ovelha and Verdelho.

Lafões

This tiny, granitic region is tucked between the north-west corner of the Dão region and the southern tip of the Vinho Verde region. Style-wise, the wines are more like Vinho Verde, with high acidity a distinguishing feature. Arinto, Cerceal, Dona Branca, Esgana Cão and Rabo de Ovelha are the white grapes, with Amaral and Jaen dominating the reds.

Dão and the Discoveries

This region's wine was served at the luxurious celebrations organised by Infante D.Henrique in Viseu before the Portuguese embarked on their journey to conquer Ceuta.

Phylloxera

When phylloxera struck European vines there was a great demand for this region's wine, which would be used to replace Douro's (since the Douro region had already been invaded by phylloxera) and sell table wine to the French market. Between 1883 and 1886, phylloxera reached the Dão region.

Wine tourism

Palacio dos Cunhas de Santar

It is in Santar village that is the Paço dos Cunhas de Santar a property of the 17th century which was dedicated to the production of olive oil, fruit and wine to supply the city of Porto markets.

Servicing

Wine Tourism:

Course / Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

store

restaurant

Wine Bar

Cooking Workshops

Awards

Wine Magazine Award - Wine Tourism of the Year 2008

 

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Beira Interior

These high, granite uplands over by the Spanish border include some of Portugal's highest and most impressive mountains.

The climate is seriously continental, hot and dry in summer, but with very cold, long winters.  In the summer and autumn heat, alcohol levels can shoot up before tannins are fully ripened, but with care and skill, good, balanced wines can be made.

Ripening is easier in the southern sub-region, Cova da Beira, whose exclusive local white grape, Fonte Cal, can make rich, honeyed wines with steely acidity. Other white varieties include Arinto, Malvasia Fina, Rabo de Ovelha and Síria.

The main red varieties are Bastardo, Marufo, Rufete, Tinta Roriz and Touriga Nacional. Many vines are old – a plus for quality, meaning small yields and potentially greater concentration in the grapes.  

Roman traces

Vine growing in this region dates back to the Roman era. One can still find several rock tanks that were used to produce wine.

Protectionism

As these were high quality wines very important social and economically, some measures were taken to protect them, namely during the reign of D.João I (1430) and D.João III (1545).

Wine tourism

Quinta de Pero Martins

Quinta de Pêro Martins, got situated in a village of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo municipality (Guard), inserted in the Côa Valley Archaeological Park and near the Douro Wine Region and the Douro International Natural Park. It was intended at the same time preserve the interesting aspects of this core of Beira rural architecture and provide guests with a quality service with comfort and diversity of tourist entertainment activities.

Farmhouse adapted for Rural Tourism, with fantastic views of the granite plateau valley embedded Côa river. It has a garden with a playground, land with trees and private garages. Come taste our cuisine and discover our rich cultural heritage

 

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Lisboa

West and north of the city of Lisbon, the Lisboa wine region was until recently known as Estremadura. A lot of wine is made here, much of it in co-operatives, in a very wide variety of styles and qualities. This region where the "vinho regional" Lisboa is predominant also has nine DOC.

Lisboa is a long, thin region running up beside the Atlantic. Wind is inevitably a strong feature beside the coast – no wonder that these undulating hills bristle with windmills, and no wonder that coastal vines are wind-stressed and hard pressed to ripen their grapes. Just a little way inland, however, a backbone of hill and mountain ranges offers some protection to many eastern parts of the Lisboa region.

A number of the top wine estates of Lisboa are in or around the DOC region of Alenquer, tucked in to the east of the Serra de Montejunto, and therefore a little warmer, a little less windy and wet. Grapes can ripen well, and red wines especially can be top class. 

DOC Arruda likewise is protected behind hills, just to the south of Alenquer. These two DOCs, along with DOC Torres Vedras (to the cooler, windier east of Alenquer), relaxed their grape restrictions in 2002 to allow some new national and international grapes including Cabernet Sauvignon, Touriga Franca, Syrah, Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay. 

Just south again, between Arruda and the city of Lisbon, is the small but high-quality white wine region of Bucelas, with sheltering hills to the west and the wide, nearly land-locked estuary of the Tagus to the east. DOC Bucelas is a fresh, crisp, dry, mineral white, made with a minimum of 75 per cent Arinto, sometimes with Rabo de Ovelha and Sercial. There is also sparkling Bucelas. 
A gap in the hills on a level with the Peniche Peninsula and the town of Óbidos means that the DOC Óbidos, region in the centre-east of VR Lisboa is windy and cool. These are ideal conditions for growing grapes for sparkling wines, and indeed some of Portugal’s best sparkling wines come from Óbidos. The DOC of Lourinhã, between the Óbidos wine region and the ocean, is cooler and windier still, and this DOC, whose grapes ripen with difficulty, is therefore restricted to brandies. 

The largest DOC region within the VR Lisboa area, up in the north, on the western slopes and hills of the Candeiros and Aire mountains. This is scenic, limestone country, clothed with orchards and olive groves as well as vines. It is possible to make good, rich reds and modern whites, but some traditionally-made wines here are low in alcohol, high in acidity, known as DOC Encostas de Aire.


Very little wine is made nowadays in the DOC Colares and Carcavelos, two once- famous wine regions by the coast, out west from Lisbon. This is prime beach and residential country, where there are many more lucrative uses of land than growing grapes.

Carcavelos, just west of the capital, makes tiny quantities of fortified wine that is nearly always sweet, from red or white local grapes. Colares, neighbouring the great surfing beach of Guincho, makes high-acid, tannic wines from red Ramisco grapes, planted in sand dunes, and gently aromatic whites based on Malvasia. 


For the Lisboa region as a whole, the main traditional white varieties are Arinto, Fernão Pires, Malvasia, Seara-Nova and Vital, and for reds Alicante Bouschet, Aragonez, Castelão, Tinta Miúda, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional and Trincadeira, but many other national and foreign grapes are now used for VR wines and certain DOC wines.

Bucelas wine

This wine was very famous in the time of the French Invasions (1808-1810). Wellington was very fond of Bucelas wine and took it to England with the intention of offering it to King George III.

Carcavelos wine

Wellington's troops would frequently drink this wine and took this custom to England. Thus, for several years, Carcavelos wine was widely exported to that country.

Lisbon Hock

In the second half of the 16th Century, Bucelas wine was already known in England. The English would call it "Lisbon Hock", meaning dry white wine.

Wine tourism

Adega Mae

The Adega Mae was born of an old flame within the Riberalves Group: Wine. Located in Quinta da Archeira, parish of Ventosa, has an area of ​​approx. 40 hectares devoted to vineyards and a production capacity of 1.2 million liters per year, thus giving rise to a complete range of wines. The Adega Mae is the top-notch wineries, a temple erected to wine and worship associated with it, discerning, demanding time to produce / sell, available, currently open to share.

The cult associated with it paves the way for implementation of various activities such as:

-Guided Guided cellar with or without proof

- "Flavors & Wine", traditional snacks accompanied by our wines

-Lunch AdegaMãe

-Tour Vineyard

-Realization Events

-Workshops

-Courses Tasting

 

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Quinta da Murta

Quinta da Murta is removed by the looks soft limestone hills of Bucelas region. It is located about 25 km north of Lisbon, in the Lusitanian basin, whose soil dating from the Jurassic period.

Servicing

Visits and Wine Tasting

 

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TEJO

DOC Do Tejo occupies almost the same large area as VR Tejo, on either side of the River Tagus (Tejo in Portuguese) as it flows gently along in a south-westerly direction towards its estuary at Lisbon. Until recently the DOC was called Ribatejo and the "vinho regional Ribatejano".

Climatic and geological conditions vary greatly throughout the region. A lot of the vines grow, along with huge quantities of vegetables, on the wide, alluvial plain of the Tagus, in soil known as leziria, very fertile and frankly over-productive as far as quality wine is concerned – unless growers commit great attention and time to reducing their crops and pruning back the exuberant vegetation. Many growers deliver to large co-operatives. 

Some quality-conscious producers have focussed their attention on the hotter, drier, sandy land to the southern side of the river, to the east of Muge, Almeirim and Salvaterra de Magos, bordering on the Alentejo. Soils here are known as charneca. 

On the other side of the Tagus but further north, heading up towards the border with Lisboa region and the foothills of mountains of the Encostas de Aire, the soils are clay-based, and known as bairro. In the west of the Tejo region, around Rio Maior, sea air passes through a gap in mountains, making the climate wetter, windier and cooler.

The DOC regulations allow a fairly wide range of grape varieties, for whites the local Fernão Pires, Alicante Branco, Arinto, Tália, Trincadeira das Pratas and Vital, but also Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc, and alongside the traditional red Castelão and Trincadeira it is possible to use Aragonez, Touriga Nacional, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.

Old and famous

The wines from Ribatejo were already famous before Portugal became a country. In 1770, in the foral (royal document) of the city of Santarém, D.Afonso Henriques made reference to these wines.

Protectionism

From the 13th to the 15th Century, a number of measures were taken by Portuguese kings to protect this region's wines. One of such measures was to prohibit the entrance of wines produced outside the region.

Moscatel

Moscatel de Setúbal has always been a very famous wine. One of its greatest appreciators was the French king Louis XIV

References in literature

Gil Vicente, in his book Pranto de Maria Parda, makes reference to the wines produced in Ribatejo, namely the one from Abrantes. In the book Viagens na Minha Terra, by Almeida Garrett, one talks about Dâmaso Xavier dos Santos, a big farmer from Cartaxo who dedicated himself to the Liberal cause, ruining his entire wealth..


Wine tourism

 

Casa Cadaval

Located 80 kilometers north of Lisbon, on the left bank of the Tagus River, the Estate of Muge, belonging to the family Alvares Pereira de Melo (Casa Cadaval), has a total of 5,400 hectares, of which most occupied by mounted. Currently holds about 42 hectares of vineyards, whose vine varieties consists mainly of indigenous varieties, highlighting the Trincadeira, Touriga Nacional, Aragonez, Arinto, Alvarinho and Fernão Pires and lower percentage of foreign varieties, Alicante Bouschet, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir and Merlot, used for the production of wines of this house, maintaining the philosophy of maintaining the Identity and Expression of Terroir in each of their wines.

 

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Quinta do Casal Branco

Over 1100 hectares of land and an agricultural and wine tradition, which already amounts to 200 years, characterize this property since 1775, remains on the Cruz Sobral family. A pioneer in technological innovation in the Ribatejo, the farmhouse located a few kilometers from Almeirim just suffered further reduction in its cellar, 1817 (the first steam the region) a commitment to quality that has always marked their production

 

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Peninsula de Setúbal

The Setúbal Peninsula lies across the estuary of the River Tagus directly south of Lisbon, and linked to Lisbon by two bridges.

The wine region Península de Setúbal also includes a large coastal chunk of the administrative region (as opposed to the wine region) of Alentejo.

Much of the area is flat and sandy, with the exception of the Serra da Arrábida, a short chain of mountains running along the south coast of the peninsula, where the soils are limestone or clay-limestone. It is on these Serra da Arrábida slopes that the grapes are grown for the famous sweet Moscatel de Setúbal wines.

The climate is Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and mild but rainy winters. Vineyards in the Serra da Arrábida are cooler, owing to the higher altitude and the proximity of the sea.

The Vinho Regional was recently renamed Península de Setúbal. (it was formerly called ‘Terras do Sado’ after the River Sado that flows through the southern part of the region). There are two DOCs, Setúbal and Palmela. Setúbal is sweet and fortified, made primarily from the Muscat of Alexandria grape. It can be labelled Moscatel de Setúbal when Muscat makes up more than 85 per cent of the blend.

It’s a very sweet, fragrant wine, with candied orange flavours, floral and raisiny when young, developing nutty, toffeed aromas with maturity. Moscatel Roxo (a pink grape) makes wines that are even more scented. DOC Palmela is mainly red, and based on the late-ripening Castelão grape, which is more at home in the hot, sandy soils of Palmela than anywhere else in Portugal, ripening well to make wines of complexity and depth, elegance an balance, with good cherry fruit.

Biggest vine in the world

In the 19th Century, the biggest continuous vine in the world was located in the Península de Setúbal: about 4000 hectares of vine that belonged to a single producer. Currently, the area occupied by the vine is of about 10000 hectares.

The Torna-Viagem

Moscatel was much exported to America, namely Brazil. When the wine was not sold, it would return to Portugal. Transportation was done in ships that crossed the Atlantic. Therefore, the wines were subject to high temperatures throughout the journey. Once arrived at the port, one would notice that the wine in the barrels was more concentrated and softer. These wines became known as torna-viagem (free translation: return trip), since they would make a trip out of Portugal and return to the country.

The first wines in Portugal

Wine is thought to have been brought to Portugal by the Phoenicians around the year 600 BC, namely through the estuaries of the rivers Sado and Tejo. The Phoenicians were looking for metals and, as an exchange currency, would offer, among other products, wine and oil amphoras.

 

Wine tourism

José Maria da Fonseca

Founded in 1834, José Maria da Fonseca wine has at a truly secular passion. In his House Museum in Azeitão, about 30 minutes from Lisbon, you can visit, you Interview other points of interest, the cellars where the Periquita matured for over 160 years; and the cellar where they are stored muscat as old as the company and belonging to the private collection of Soares Franco family, direct descendants of the founder. It may also, in the Wine Shop, do a wine tasting, and lose yourself in choosing a wine for that special occasion. Tradition and quality at your disposal, so close.

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Palace of Bacalhôa

Considered the most beautiful farm first half of the 15th century still existing in Portugal, Quinta da Bacalhôa is an old property of the Royal House. Located in Azeitão, Quinta and the famous Bacalhôa Palace is an artistic monument of great importance for the country.

Visit associates Wine, Nature and Art.

Of ancient olive trees transplanted from the Alqueva dam to the gardens of the cellar, to the interior of the premises, the route continues to amaze.

Inside, more than 2,500 barrels to Setubal muscatel aging fall with the largest private collection of tiles in Portugal, giving you the know the heritage of the company, with over 80 years of history.

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Herdade da Comporta

THERE IS A PLACE COMPORTA.SÓ ASSIM.SÓ SO THERE IS A WINE.

Rarely is such a place of wild beauty and calm, where the sun finds of vibrant color intensity and the generous land reveals unhurried what is best. A landscape that inspires us by its perfect balance. The 30 acres of Herdade da Comporta the vineyard are located in a sandy soil of the valley east-west oriented, allowing for exposure to the sun during the entire day. The slope is gently horizontal, slightly above sea level, and temperatures are moderated by proximity to the ocean, in the vineyard producing excellent conditions of maturity, aroma and taste in grapes

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Alentejo

The Alentejo region covers about a third of Portugal, and winemakers in the remaining two-thirds can often be heard to complain about the popularity of Alentejo wines.The reds, easy drinkers, rich and fruity, are the darlings of Lisbon cafés and restaurants, also to be found on wine lists the length of the country. There are quaffing wines, but also fine wines, especially in the red department. Whites are more difficult in this hot climate, but some very good ones are made, given the right place, and/or appropriate skill in vineyards and cellar.

It’s a short drive up from the cool of the Algarve, over the hills and into the hot southern part of the Alentejo (or seriously cold, should it be winter). Most of the Alentejo consists of undulating plains and gentle hills, with serious mountains only in the north east, where, near the town of Portalegre, the São Mamede mountain range rises up by the border with Spain, and the air becomes cooler and the countryside greener. Soils vary greatly: schist, pink marble, granite, limestone, often laid upon a sub-layer of water-retaining clay.

DOP Alentejo has eight sub-regions that together cover about a fifth of the Vinho Regional Alentejano region, but these are rarely seen a label. It makes sense to take advantage of the name Alentejo (or Vinho Regional Alentejano). Seven of the sub-regions are clustered fairly centrally. Portalegre lies well to the north east on the granite foothills of the São Mamede mountains, where higher rainfall and cooler temperatures especially at night, along with many old vines, gives complexity and freshness. 

Borba, Évora, Redondo and Reguengos are more typical of the Alentejo, and can make smooth, harmonious, very easy-drinking reds. Conditions are more challenging in Granja-Amareleja, Moura and Vidigueira, with poor, limestone-based soils and a significantly hotter climate. Nonetheless, a new generation of producers, particularly around Vidigueira, has shown the potential of these southern parts of the Alentejo.

 The white Antão Vaz is the star grape of the region, with good acidity and tropical fruit flavours. It also responds well to barrel-fermentation. Arinto and Roupeiro also offer precious acidity; white Diagalves, Manteúdo, Perrum and Rabo de Ovelha make up the blends. Aragonez (Tempranillo) is the most widely-planted red grape. The red-fleshed French grape Alicante Bouschet is often the inky, treacley backbone of red blends. Alfrocheiro, Castelão and Trincadeira also have valuable parts to play, with Moreto, Tinta Caiada and Tinta Grossa padding out some blends.

However, many of the new generation of Alentejo reds incorporate imported grapes such as Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon, made as Vinho Regional. 

Effects of Romanisation

The Roman presence in Alentejo contributed to the implementation of the vine in several areas of the region. After the foundation of Beja, between 31 and 27 BC, there was a great increase in the growing of vines. Pieces of pottery, grape seeds and a granite press were found near Vidigueira.

Wine Incentives

After expelling the invaders from Alentejo, the royal authorities and religious orders encouraged the production of wine. The population was forced to grow vines and, after three to five years, donate a certain part of their yield. In 1221, D.Afonso Henriques established that the grapes and wine produced would be property of the Sé de Évora.

 

Wine tourism

Herdade da Malhadinha Nova

In the heart of Alentejo, wrapped in the bucolic scenery, Herdade da Malhadinha Nova Country House & Spa is a rural hill typical Alentejo. The hotel with spacious and elegant rooms is on the Mount of Peceguina, surrounded by lavender fields and vineyards.

Servicing

Hotel:

Restaurant

SPA

Wine Tourism:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Store

Meals

Participation in harvest

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Esporão

The Esporão is one of the oldest wine tourism units in Portugal. Opened in 1997 and the space, recently refurbished, offers wine bar, restaurant and of course, visits to the winery and vineyards.

In addition to the activities related to wine, you can also enjoy the gardens that connect the vineyards and wineries and visit the garden of 2 hectares of the estate, where they are planted fruits, vegetables and herbs.

Servicing

Wine Tourism:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Store

Wine bar

Restaurant

 

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Herdade do Rocim

The Herdade do Rocim is a property of about 110 hectares, of which 70 are vineyards and which includes the cellar, structuring element of the project, which combines the production of wine with the enjoyment of the space and nature, with its use as a center of culture and leisure.

Servicing

Wine Tourism:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Store

Wine bar

Dinner (by appointment)

Awards

Best Wine Tourism without stay - Award W 2011

 

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Herdade dos Grous

The Herdade dos Grous is inserted into the broad plain of the Lower Alentejo among olive, cork oak forests and 70 hectares of vineyards. The property is an ideal place to relax, be in touch with nature and learn more about raising horses and cattle, production of wine and olive oil or organic farming.

On a visit to the winery Herdade dos Grous can know the stages of the winemaking process and do a wine tasting. In Estate of the store can purchase wine, olive oil and ceramics produced in Homestead.

Servicing

Hotel:

Restaurant

Bar wine

Wine Tourism:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Store

Meals

 

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Monte da Ravasqueira

Monte da Ravasqueira is a place where you can discover all the culture and history linked to the company's wines.

Be impressed by the extent of the vineyards and enjoy the cellar architecture that follows the models used in Napa Valley, California. You will certainly feel at home and will want to stay to enjoy the traditional cuisine of meals offered by Hill meal service (but be sure to book).

Servicing

Wine Tourism:

Wine Tasting

Vineyard and winery

Museum

Store

Wine Course

Meals

Awards

Wine Tourism Awards 2014 - Best Visitor Centre (second place)

 

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Algarve

Vines love Portugal's southernmost region for the same reason the tourists do - it's never too hot, never too cold, and they can be sure to enjoy more than 3,000 hours of sunshine every year.

The ‘border’ with the Alentejo region to the north is a mere 20 or 30 miles from the Algarve coast, yet the Algarve suffers none of the Alentejo’s extremes of temperature. Why? A beautiful chain of mountains running all the way between the Spanish border and the Atlantic coast separates the two regions and blocks the hot, dry winds from the north, leaving the Algarve under the moderating influence of the sea – the Mediterranean to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

East of Faro out towards Spain the climate is warmly Mediterranean, whilst west of Faro the Atlantic makes itself felt in a more temperate climate, fresher and more humid.

The soils in the Algarve are very varied: sandy, clay, limestone, sandstone, sometimes very shallow over rock, with some rare areas of schist on the mountainous slopes in the north.

Anyone who has holidayed in the Algarve will recognise the the major towns that lend their names to the region’s four wine DOCs: Lagos, Portimão, Lagoa and Tavira.

For these traditional wines, the main white grapes are Arinto, Malvasia Fina, Manteúdo and Síria, and for the reds Castelão and Negra Mole. However, the new wine estates are making mainly Vinho Regional Algarve from national and international grapes: Touriga Nacional and Syrah, Aragonez and Cabernet Sauvignon, Trincadeira, Alvarinho, Chardonnay, Viognier... New estates and wineries are springing up in the Algarve – this is a region to watch.

Muslim Occupation

During the Muslim occupation of the Algarve, the vine was widely cultivated. As Muslim religion doesn't allow the ingestion of alcohol, the wine would be used as a transaction currency to acquire other products. After reconquering the Algarve, the Christians used the Muslims' economic organisation.

Commercial importance

Algarve's wine tradition is not limited to cultivating and producing wine: the region has played an extremely important role in the commercial trades made during the Middle and Modern Ages.

Wine tourism

Quinta dos Vales

Active and relaxed, dynamic yet serene. Opposite approaches to the same goal: quality. Quinta dos Vales is synonymous with quality in all their efforts. Whether our conservative approach to the production of wine or a unique combination of wine and art the goal always remains the same. Customer satisfaction is the minimum we want to achieve is in the area of wine, art, events or wine tourism. The activity of our company is divided in different areas: Wine, Art, Rentals, Activities and Events; click the section below for details on each.

 

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Azores

The Azores are an archipelago of nine islands about a third of the way out into the Atlantic on a line between Lisbon and New Jersey.

The climate is mild and moist all year, and swiftly changeable: rain, wind, mist, or a teasing sun behind a veil of thin cloud. Lichens, ferns and mosses thrive, and there’s plenty of bright green grass to nurture the dairy cows.


The backdrop is spectacular: active volcanos, crater lakes, waterfalls, beaches composed of swirls of lava, Portugal’s highest mountain (the volcanic peak of the the island of Pico), and hot plains where you can literally cook your dinner. Vines are planted into rock or poor volcanic soils. 

The occasional vineyard is trained along modern wires, but most vines still grow within traditional currais, small enclosures of dry stone walls, sometimes no more than two or three metres square. Apart from disposing of volcano-scattered stones, these walls give protection from ocean winds, and radiate heat at night. 


By far the majority of the vines grown on the islands are American species, planted after phylloxera. They make a curiously musky wine known as vinho de cheiro or ‘fragrant wine’ – loved by the islanders as well as island emigrés in Canada and the USA. 


The Azores have no DOP regions, but do have three IPR regions (DOPs-in-waiting): Pico, Biscoitos and Graciosa. Two are fortified (16%+) and wood-aged: IPR Pico (grown on two small coastal patches of the island) and Biscoitos (a tiny, coatal part of the island of Terceira). 


The wines are made from Verdelho, Arinto and Terrantez. IPR Graciosa is for unfortified white wine made from the same three grapes plus Fernão Pires and Malvasia Fina. More Vinho Regional Açores is made today than IPR. Inevitably in this cool climate it is mostly white, but there is some good, light red, including some Merlot. 

 

The first vines

The Azores, discovered in 1427 by Diogo Alves, are made up of nine islands. In the same year, the first settlers arrived in the islands and started growing vines.

Verdelho

Verdelho is the most famous and most grown grape variety in the Azores. It is thought to be originally from Sicily or Cyprus and afterwards taken to the Azores by the Franciscan Friars, who cultivated it throughout the islands.

Pico Verdelho

In the 17th and 18th Centuries, the wines produced in the Azores, namely the ones produced in Pico, were exported to Russia and most northern European countries. After the Russian revolution in 1917, several bottles of Pico Verdelho were found kept in cellars belonging to ancient Russian czars.

 

Madeira

Madeira's fortified wines keep practically for ever - they have been known to survive for more than two centuries.

Out in the Atlantic, on the same latitude as Casablanca, the island enjoys mild temperatures throughout the year, but the climate is also strongly influenced by the ocean. It is extremely mountainous, with deep valleys and steep slopes where the vines grow on little terraces in fertile, acid, volcanic soils that are very rich in organic matter. 

Vines are mostly trained on traditional pergolas, the bunches hanging below, shaded from the sun by exuberant foliage. Yields are high. The resulting grapes have high acidity – a distinguishing feature that they pass on to all Madeira wines.

A small clutch of historic Madeira grapes are known as the ‘noble’ varieties: Sercial, Verdelho, Boal, Malvasia (sometimes called Malmsey) and the rarer Terrantez. All are white, and the first four are traditionally vinified to give different degrees of sweetness in the finished wine: respectively dry, medium-dry, medium-sweet and sweet.

Terrantez makes fine, dry wines with very marked acidity.  However, 80 per cent of the island’s vineyards are planted with another variety, Tinta Negra, which is made into fortified wines of all four traditional sweetnesses. Some table wines are also made on the islands.

Shakespeare

In Shakespeare's play "Henry IV" there are references to Madeira wine. The character named Falstaff sells his soul to the devil "for a cup of Madeira and a cold capon's leg".

An elegant wine

Madeira was considered a very elegant wine. Court ladies would even use it as a perfume on their handkerchiefs. In England, Madeira and Port would compete for the first place in the court's preference.

Duke of Clarence

The Duke of Clarence was a noble Englishman who, after being sentenced to death for attempting to murder his brother, Edward IV, chose to die by drowning in a Madeira Malvasia cask.

Delicious Madeira

Madeira wine was widely exported to England, France, Flanders and the United States. Francisco I (1708/1765) used to say that Madeira was the richest and most delicious wine in Europe. Important families from Boston, Charleston, New York and Philadelphia would compete among themselves to get the best Madeira wines.

 

More information: turiventos@sapo.pt

 

http://www.winesofportugal.info/

http://www.infovini.com/

http://adegasdeportugal.pt/

Post by: Turiventos

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 18:20

Mapa Vinícola de Portugal

por Turiventos, em 09.03.15

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Conheça as Regioes Vinicolas de Portugal + Mais.....

 

Mais informaçoes: turiventos@sapo.pt

 

Post by: Turiventos

 

http://www.winesofportugal.info/

http://www.infovini.com/

http://adegasdeportugal.pt/

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 23:23

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Distance - 1,000 kms. Difficulty - Ages. Circuit - Urban / Mountain Duration - 8 days

 

Castelo de Alomoural (Almourol Castle) - The Almourol Castle is situated on a small island that was already inhabited in Roman times of the peninsula, from the 8th century, was occupied by the Muslims, who have conquered the Visigoths. Within the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, Almourol was conquered by D. Afonso Henriques in 1129, which gave the Templar Order.

 

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Castelo Branco (White Castle) - Located in Beira Baixa, the Castelo Branco is home district and one of the largest counties in the country, the center of a vast plateau region between the basins of the rivers Pônsul and Ocresa.

Castelo Branco owes its name to the existence of a Luso-Roman fort, Castra Leuca, at the top of the Hill of Cardosa, where took place the settlement of this town, then dubbed Albi Castrum.

The city was conquered from the Moors in the 12th century, and later some areas were offered to the Temple Order, charging them of their settlement and defense, to who built the castle of the town.

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Monsanto (Historical Village) - Monsanto (most Portuguese of Portugal Village) is located northeast of Idanha Land, nestled on the slopes of a steep rise - the hill of Monsanto (Mons Sanctus) - which rises abruptly in the meadow and, in its highest point reaches 758 meters. The different sections of the slope and at the foot of the hill, there are scattered villages, attesting to the population shift toward the plain.

This is a very old place, where there is human presence since the Palaeolithic. Archaeological remains realize a Lusitanian Castro and Roman occupation in the field called S. Lourenço (St. Lawrence), at the foot of the hill. Remains of Visigoth and Arab stay were also found.

 

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Covilha - The city of Covilha is located in the southeastern slope of the Serra da Estrela and is one of the urban centers of greater importance in the region.

The highest point in mainland Portugal, the Tower (1993 m), belongs to the parishes of Unhais da Serra (Covilhã), São Pedro (Manteigas), Loriga (Seia) e Alvoco da Serra (Seia), being included in three municipalities: Covilha, Manteigas and Seia, but is located around 20 km from the urban center of Covilha, and therefore the nearest Portuguese city of the highest point in mainland Portugal.

 

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Belmonte (Historical Village) - The story of Belmonte arises normally associated with the history of the Cabrais and the Jews. It was the birthplace of Pedro Alvares Cabral, who in 1500 commanded the second armed to India, during which it was discovered officially Brazil.

The human presence in the current municipality of Belmonte is proven since the earliest times. The Anta Caria, the Castros of Caria and Chandeirinha certify the longevity of fixing the pre- and proto-history. The Roman presence is also evident by the testimony of Centum Tower Cellas or the Villa Quinta da Fórnea, waypoints, the road linking Mérida to the Guarda.

 

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Guarda - In the early centuries of Romanization of the Iberian Peninsula inhabited the region of Guarda Lusitanian people. Including the Igaeditani, the Oppidani Lancienses and Transcudani. These people united under an authentic federation were to resist the Romanization for two centuries. Unlike Latinized these people did not consume wine, but before beer acorn. His weapon of choice was the “falcate” - a sword curve - which easily broke the Roman swords because of its metallurgical superiority. Their pagan gods also differed from the Romans can still meet some Lusitanian religious inscriptions in temples as the Cabeço of Fráguas.

The best known and consensual explanation of the meaning of the epithet of "city of five F's' meaning Forte (strong), Farta (abundant), Fria (Cold), Fiel (loyal) and Formosa (taiwan). The explanation of these Fs as subsequently adapted to other cities is simple:

Forte (strong): the castle tower, the walls and the geographical position demonstrate their strength; Farta (abundant): Due to the richness of the Mondego valley; Fria (Cold): the proximity to the Serra da Estrela and the fact that it is situated at an altitude explain this F Fiel (loyal): because Álvaro Gil Cabral - which was Alcaide-Mor Castle Guard and great great grandfather of Pedro Alvares Cabral - refused to surrender the keys of the city to the King of Castile during the 1383-85 crisis. Breath still had to fight in the Battle of Aljubarrota and take a seat in the Cortes 1385 where elected Master of Avis (John I) as King; Formosa (taiwan): for its natural beauty.

 

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Almeida (Historical Village) - Also known as "Rock Star," Almeida is located in the district of Guarda, Beira Interior region, specifically in an area called Land of Riba-Coa. Your border character is quite remarkable, since all his confrontation east is with Spain, forming part of the border Portugal-Spain, better known as Ray, meaning that this area also called "Arraiana region."

Received a charter of King Dinis in 1296.

The place names have literal translation from Arabic: Terra Plana ('Flatland)', which makes perfect sense since the territory of the county is largely plateau area. Across the south of the county to the north, and one of the few Portuguese rivers flowing in this direction, the Côa river valley that opens an abrupt plateau, dividing the city into two parts well-creased.

 

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Castelo Rodrigo (Historical Village) - Known as the "Fortress of the turrets," the territory of Riba-Coa was occupied since ancient times, with Paleolithic remains, megalithic, the Celtic culture, Romans and Arabs. The concern with the reorganization and settlement of this area at the time of the reconquest is reflected in donations to the friars Salamantinos, founders of the Order of St. Julian Pereiro, and the first monks of Santa Maria de Aguiar, coming from Zamora, of the Monastery Santa Maria de Aguiar, of Cistercian foundation of the 12th century, it is important testimony.

Captured from the Arabs in the 11th century and dependent on the Kingdom of León, was elevated to municipality village by Alfonso IX, definitely integrating the Portuguese territory to September 12, 1297, by the Treaty of Alcanizes - signed by King Dinis, which confirmed its Foral Trancoso and sent repopulate and rebuild the castle, repeated action of Ferdinand I, which also awarded him Charter Fair, in 1373.

Castelo Rodrigo is surrounded by a walled waist initially composed of 13 turrets (like de Ávila). Retains its medieval maps, which radiates from the citadel and follows the topography. Its streets are interesting houses, some Manueline, other Arab buildings.

Being on the route of pilgrims to Compostela, here stood the Church of Our Lady. Of Rocamador, founded by a brotherhood of hospitable brothers coming from France in the 13th century.

 

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Trancoso (Historical Village) - Located on top of a plateau, which overlooks a vast territory between the Serra da Estrela and the Douro valley, developed around its castle, founded in the 8th century.

Throughout the Middle Ages, was an extremely important strategic military place, installed in an unstable border region, where there were several conflicts and battles, first among Christians and Muslims and later between Portugal and neighboring kingdoms.

With Foral granted by D. Afonso Henriques (1162-65), at the dawn of nationality, Trancoso was already one of the main towns in the region. It would also be an important trading center; where from D. Afonso III (1273) went to perform one of the oldest and busiest frank fairs in the kingdom, perpetuated in our days by the famed Feira de S. Bartolomeu (St. Bartholomew Fair)

The origin of the name "Trancoso" motivates today speculation and imagination. There are at least two explanations, both mythological bent. Such explanations, however, may not be as fanciful as the match would be led to think. One of these explanations states that the name derives from "troncoso", that is, the name would be to be due to the fact that there are large trees in the area where the city was founded. The second, which was considered by Charles Joly (1818-1902) in 1893, one of the largest trees of Europe, no longer exists, but today you can see impressive trees as the "Linden Great Trancoso". Another explanation, which specifically specific an act of foundation, rather like Rome (cf. Foundation of Rome), states that the city will have been founded by an emissary coming from Egypt or Ethiopia. The emissary name would be Awseya Tarakos, who later would become king of Ethiopia, the Solomonic dynasty. There are also other European cities whose names have some similarities with Trancoso, and there may be some relationship between them (Tarragona, Tarascon, etc.). In Portugal, currently, you can find Trancoso assignment to other locations and places. There is also a river in northern Portugal, the Minho River tributary that name.

 

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Viseu - The origins of the city of Viseu date back to the Celtic period and with Romanization, was very important, perhaps due to the junction of Roman roads whose proof there are only the milestones. These noticeable align an axis which seems to correspond to the road Merida (Spain), with which intersectaria Olissipo Shut-Bracara bond, the other two poles very influential. Perhaps for that reason may be justified building the octagonal defensive structure, two kilometers perimeter - the Cava de Viriato.

Viseu is associated with Viriato figure, since it is thought that this Lusitanian hero may have been born in this region. After the Roman occupation of the peninsula, followed by the elevation of the city and diocesan already Visigoth domain in the 6th century

Even before the formation of the Portuguese Province, was several times residence of the counts Teresa and Henry, in 1123 it granted a charter. His son D. Afonso Henriques born in Viseu on 5 August de1109, according thesis of historian Almeida Fernandes. The second charter was granted by the son of the counts, D. Afonso Henriques in 1187, and confirmed by D. Afonso II, in 1217.

 

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Seia - Located on the western side of the Serra da Estrela, the city is 550 m altitude. The climate of the county is temperate with moderate temperatures in summer and cold in winter, with freezing temperatures and snow events, sometimes abundant in the higher parts of the Serra da Estrela. As for the rainfall regime, there is a short dry season, which includes the summer months of July and August.

The early human occupation of the site of the current Seia dates back to pre-Roman times, when the foundation of a village by Turduli, around the 4th century BC, known as Senna. The Turduli built a castro instead of Nogueira, among the mountains of Santana and Carvalha Outeiro. Defended themselves strategically in three forts, smaller, one in San Romao, another in Crestelo and the third in the current Seia. There are also remains of forts in Travancinha, Loriga and S. Romão.

When it was found the Roman invasion of the Iberian Peninsula, the Lusitano made of the mountain, then called Hermínios Montes, its headquarters, which has become a major obstacle to the invaders. This did not stop, however, that the general Galba had slaughtered 30,000 mountaineers Lusitanian.

 

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Piódão (Historical Village) - The Piodão "Nativity of the Hawk", village classified as "Public Interest", located in the Serra do ACOR, with an abrupt escarpment deployment and a tight mesh and sinuous structure, well suited the roughness of the surrounding area. Pastures of the Sierra de S. Pedro of Acor, full of springs, attracted the Lusitanian shepherds fed their flocks there. In medieval times, formed a small settlement that was given the name Piódam home, then moved to its present location, perhaps due to the installation of a Cistercian Monastery (which remain no longer traces) which will revamp the place to the 13th century In this monastery can be linked to ancient invocation of Santa Maria (common in Cistercian Abbeys) Mother Church temple redesigned in the 18th century, which has endowed him of a curious facade marked by thin cylindrical towers topped by cones.

 

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Arganil - Arganil is a delightful town, the county seat, in central Portugal, located in a mountainous region of great beauty, fertile vegetation and water courses.

The region has traces of Roman occupation since ancient times; there remains the permanence of primitive peoples in this region, as the Necropolis of Windmills, the Chalcolithic period, or the Roman Military Camp of Lomba do Canho.

The Heritage Arganil goes hand in hand with the history and beauty of the village, the owner of an enviable Historical Center, highlighting monuments such as the Mother Church, the Church of Mercy Chapel of the Lord of the Agony or the Pelourinho Vila.

About 2 km from the center, lays the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mount Alto dating from the 16th century, 500 meters high, celebrating in the 15 August a famous pilgrimage that attracts many visitors.

Surrounding the village of Arganil, are small traditional mountain villages that are worth knowing, located on the slopes and valleys of the beautiful hills of the region, as Vila Cova de Alva, Benfeita (integrated in the network "Schist Villages"), Coja, Malhada Chã, Barriosa  or the magnificent Piodão Village, one of the most beautiful in the country.

 

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Lousa (Schist Villages Network) - Lousã, an idea that stands out immediately is the fact that it might be a mountain sector and of great natural wealth. Protrudes so highlighted the fact that the main physical features of the municipality reflect, in an almost directly, the major structural lines defining, has long been the morphology of its territory, and that influenced the very human occupation in the region over the last centuries.

The Serra da Lousã and the Schist Villages are a rich and varied heritage / built and existing natural.

The Network of Schist Villages comprises 27 villages of 16 municipalities that are located in the center of Portugal, in the territory that lies between Castelo Branco and Coimbra. It is a territory consists mainly of shale mountains, surrounded and crossed by a good road network.

But just say this is too little. The mountains offer stones forming part of the identity of the area. With the stones became its history, but they made a future project. Villages that were in ruin, to disappear, gave an award winning tourist destination. It is something unique and remarkable for having done so in the most disadvantaged areas of the country.

People give us affection. The raw material of good host. Sympathetically. With comfort. Tastefully. With flavors. With a challenge. Discover the Schist Villages is to give and receive a word of meeting its inhabitants. If you give a few more conversation, will receive in exchange a life story.

 

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Tomar - town on the banks of the river Nabão, belonging to the Santarém district in the province of Ribatejo, was conquered from the Moors by D. Afonso Henriques in 1147 after being donated by the King to the Templars in 1159. The March 1, 1160 was established Take on the start of construction of the castle. D Gualdim Pais granted it a charter in 1162.

With the extinction of the Temple in 1312 by order of Pope Clement V, who wanted to see the Templars banned in Europe, was founded the Order of Christ Military. Because of the need to defend the Algarve border, the headquarters of this Order moved to Castro Marim. Thirty-seven years later, he returned to settle in Tomar specifically in his castle.

So take would be the originator center and main supporter of the Discoveries. Prince Henry, appointed by the Pope as Regedor the Order of Christ, was to settle in the Castle of Tomar.

It was elevated to city status in 1844 and was visited by Queen Maria II the following year.

 

Convento de Cristo_tomar.jpg

 

GASTRONOMY

 

Castelo Branco

- Laburdo

- Fry

- Stew kid

- Tripe stuffed

 

Guarda

- Serra cheese

- Grain soup

- Black pudding

- Sausages

- Maranhos

- Roast lamb

- Serrabulho fashion Border

- Ranch Seia

- Tijelada (sweet)

 

Viseu

- Kid's Grelheira

- Beira Alta Mace

- Veal Lafões

- Rancho de Viseu

 

WINES

 

Wine Region of Beira Interior

It is the most mountainous region of mainland Portugal, comprising some of the highest mountains of Portugal.

The climate suffers from an extreme continental influence, with major temperature variations, short, hot, dry summers, and long and very cold winters.

The soils are mostly granite, with small patches of shale and although unusual, sandy spots.

The Beira Interior is divided into three sub-regions, Castelo Rodrigo, Pinhel and Cova da Beira. Castelo Rodrigo and Pinhel, despite being separated by mountain ranges, share similar features.

In turn, the Cova da Beira presents different, extending from the foothills of the Serra da Estrela to the Tagus valley, south of Castelo Branco

The predominant white varieties are Arinto, Source Cal, Malvasia Fina, Tail Sheep and Syria, while in red prevail Bastard, Marufo, Rufete, Tinta Roriz and Touriga Nacional, with regular presence of very old vines.

 

vinhos_beira_inter.jpg

 

Wine Region Dão and Lafões

Surrounded by mountains in all directions, based on very poor granitic soils, the region Dão extends its vineyards scattered among pine forests at different altitudes, from the 1000 meters of Serra da Estrela up to 200 meters from low areas.

The vineyards are scattered and discontinuous, divided into multiple installments, with properties averaging areas almost negligible.

The mountains determine and shape the climate of the region containing the vineyards of the direct influence of the continental climate and the maritime influence. Poor soils are mostly granite.

In the white varieties protrude beyond the Encruzado, the Bical varieties, Cercial, Malvasia Fina, Tail Sheep and Verdelho. In the red varieties, apart from Touriga Nacional, we point out the Alfrocheiro, Jaen and Tinta Roriz, beyond undervalued Berry, Bastard and Ink apple.

Lafões is a small transition region, nestled between the names of Dão and Vinho Verde, cut by the river Vouga, with mostly granitic soils.

In the white varieties thrive Arinto, Cerceal, Dona Branca, Distemper Dog and Tail Sheep, with the reds dominated by caste Amaral and Jaen. As a rule, Lafões wines show a penchant acidic, with a style similar to the neighboring name Vinho Verde

vinhos dao_lafoes.jpg

 

more information: turiventos@sapo.pt

 

Post by: Turiventos

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 17:32

circuito cenro interior.jpg

Circuito centro pontos.jpg

 

Circuito: Centro – Interior histórico - Portugal

 

Distancia – 1.000 kms.  Dificuldade – Média. Circuito – Urbano/Serra Duração8 dias

 

Castelo de Almourol - O castelo de Almourol, está situado numa pequena ilha que já era habitada no tempo da ocupação romana da península, a partir do século VIII, foi ocupada pelos muçulmanos, que a terão conquistado aos visigodos.  No âmbito da reconquista cristã da Península Ibérica, Almourol foi conquistada por D. Afonso Henriques, em 1129, que o entregou à Ordem do Templo.

Castelo Almoural

 Castelo de Almoural

 

Castelo Branco - Situada na Beira Baixa, a cidade de Castelo Branco é sede de distrito e de um dos maiores concelhos do País, no centro de uma vasta região planáltica, entre as bacias dos rios Pônsul e O

cresa. 
Castelo Branco deve o seu nome à existência de um castro luso-romano, Castra Leuca, no cimo da Colina da Cardosa, de onde se desenrolou o povoamento desta localidade, então apelidada Albi Castrum. 
A cidade foi conquistada aos Mouros no século XII, e posteriormente alguns domínios foram ofertados à Ordem do Templo, encarregando-os do seu povoamento e defesa, para o que construíram o Castelo da localidade.

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 Jardim Paço Episcopal - Castelo Branco

 

Monsanto (Aldeia Histórica) – Monsanto (Aldeia mais portuguesa de Portugal) situa-se a nordeste das Terras de Idanha, aninhada na encosta de uma elevação escarpada - o cabeço de Monsanto (Mons Sanctus) - que irrompe abruptamente na campina e que, no seu ponto mais elevado, atinge 758 metros. Pelas várias vertentes da encosta e no sopé do monte, existem lugarejos dispersos, atestando a deslocação populacional em direção à planície.

Trata-se de um local muito antigo, onde se regista a presença humana desde o paleolítico. Vestígios arqueológicos dão conta de um castro lusitano e da ocupação romana no denominado campo de S. Lourenço, no sopé do monte. Vestígios da permanência visigótica e árabe foram também encontrados.

Covilhã – A cidade da Covilhã está situada na vertente sudeste da Serra da Estrela e é um dos centros urbanos de maior relevo da região.

O ponto mais alto de Portugal Continental, a Torre (1 993 m), pertence às freguesias de Unhais da Serra (Covilhã), São Pedro (Manteigas), Loriga (Seia) e Alvoco da Serra (Seia), estando incluída em três municípios: Covilhã, Manteigas e Seia, mas dista cerca de 20 km do núcleo urbano da Covilhã, sendo a Covilhã, por isso, a cidade portuguesa mais próxima do ponto mais alto de Portugal Continental.

 

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Cidade da Covilha

 

Belmonte (Aldeia Histórica) – A história de Belmonte surge, normalmente, associada à história dos Cabrais e dos Judeus. Foi terra natal de Pedro Álvares Cabral, o navegador, que no ano de 1500 comandou a segunda armada à India, durante a qual se descobriu oficialmente o Brasil.

A presença humana no atual concelho de Belmonte está comprovada desde as épocas mais remotas. A Anta de Caria, os Castros de Caria e da Chandeirinha certificam a longevidade da fixação na pré e proto-história. A presença romana é também evidente pelos testemunhos da Torre Centum Cellas ou pela Villa da Quinta da Fórnea, pontos de passagem da via que ligava Mérida à Guarda.

 

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Belmonte 

 

Guarda – Nos primeiros séculos da romanização da Península Ibérica habitavam a região da Guarda povos lusitanos. Entre os quais os Igaeditani, os Lancienses Oppidani e os Transcudani. Estes povos unidos sob uma autentica federação viriam a resistir à romanização durante dois séculos. Ao contrário dos latinizados estes povos não consumiam vinho, mas antes cerveja de bolota. A sua arma de eleição era a falcata- uma espada curva - que facilmente quebrava os gládios romanos devido à sua superioridade metalúrgica. Os seus deuses pagãos diferiam também dos romanos, podem ainda hoje encontrar-se algumas inscrições religiosas lusitanas em santuários como o Cabeço das Fráguas.

A explicação mais conhecida e consensual do significado do epíteto de «cidade dos 5 F's» diz que estes significam Forte, Farta,  Fria,  Fiel e Formosa. A explicação destes efes tão adaptada posteriormente a outras cidades é simples:

Forte: a torre do castelo, as muralhas e a posição geográfica demonstram a sua força; Farta: devido à riqueza do vale do Mondego; Fria: a proximidade à Serra da Estrela e o facto de estar situada a uma grande altitude explicam este F; Fiel: porque Álvaro Gil Cabral – que foi Alcaide-Mor do Castelo da Guarda e trisavô de Pedro Álvares Cabral – recusou entregar as chaves da cidade ao Rei de Castela durante a crise de 1383-85. Teve ainda Fôlego para combater na batalha de Aljubarrota e tomar assento nas Cortes de 1385 onde elegeu o Mestre de Avis (D. João I) como Rei; Formosa: pela sua natural beleza.

 

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 Sé Guarda

 

Almeida (Aldeia Histórica) – Também conhecida por “Estrela de Pedra”, Almeida localiza-se no distrito da Guarda, região da Beira Interior, mais concretamente num território designado Terras de Riba-Côa. O seu carácter fronteiriço é bastante notório, uma vez que toda a sua confrontação a leste é com Espanha, constituindo parte da fronteira Portugal -Espanha, mais conhecida por Raia, sendo por isso esta zona também chamada "região arraiana".

Recebeu foral de D. Dinis em 1296.

A toponímia tem tradução literal do árabe: «Terra Plana», o que faz perfeito sentido visto que o território do concelho é em grande parte zona planáltica. Atravessando o concelho de sul para norte, e sendo um dos poucos rios portugueses que corre neste sentido, o rio Côa abre um abrupto vale nessa meseta, dividindo o município em duas partes bem vincadas.

 

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Almeida

 

Castelo Rodrigo (Aldeia Histórica) – Conhecida por “Fortaleza dos Torreões”, o território de Riba-Côa foi ocupado desde tempos remotos, havendo vestígios paleolíticos, megalíticos, da cultura castreja, romanos e árabes. A preocupação com a reorganização e povoamento desta área na época da Reconquista é patente nas doações aos freires Salamantinos, fundadores da Ordem de S. Julião do Pereiro, e aos primeiros frades de Santa Maria de Aguiar, oriundos de Zamora, de que o Mosteiro de Santa Maria de Aguiar, de fundação cisterciense do séc. XII, é importante testemunho.

Conquistada aos Árabes no séc. XI e dependente do Reino de Leão, foi vila elevada a concelho por Afonso IX, integrando definitivamente o território português a 12 de Setembro de 1297, pelo Tratado de Alcanizes - assinado por D. Dinis, que confirmou o seu Foral em Trancoso e mandou repovoar e reconstruir o Castelo, ação repetida por D. Fernando I, que também lhe concedeu Carta de Feira, em 1373.

Castelo Rodrigo está rodeado por uma cintura amuralhada inicialmente composta por 13 torreões (à semelhança de Ávila). Mantém a sua traça medieval, que irradia da alcáçova e acompanha a topografia. Pelas suas ruas encontram-se casas interessantes, umas manuelinas, outras construções árabes.
Estando na rota de peregrinos a Compostela, aqui se ergueu a Igreja de N. Sra. de Rocamador, fundada por uma confraria de frades hospitaleiros vindos de França no séc. XIII.

 

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 Panoramica de Castelo Rodrigo

 

Trancoso (Aldeia Histórica) – Localizado no topo de um planalto, de onde se avista um vasto território entre a serra da Estrela e o vale do Douro, Trancoso desenvolveu-se em torno do seu castelo, fundado nos sécs. VIII-IX. 
Ao longo de toda a Idade Média, foi um lugar estratégico-militar extremamente importante, instalado numa região de fronteira instável, onde ocorreram vários conflitos e batalhas, primeiro entre cristãos e muçulmanos e, mais tarde, entre Portugal e os reinos vizinhos.

Com Foral outorgado por D. Afonso Henriques (1162-65), nos primórdios da nacionalidade, Trancoso era já uma das principais povoações da região. Seria, também, um relevante centro mercantil, onde a partir de D. Afonso III (1273) se passou a realizar uma das mais antigas e concorridas feiras francas do reino, perpetuada nos nossos dias pela afamada Feira de S. Bartolomeu

A origem do nome "Trancoso" motiva hoje em dia a especulação e a imaginação. Existem pelo menos duas explicações, ambas de pendor mitológico. Tais explicações, contudo, poderão não ser tão fantasiosas como à partida seríamos levados a pensar. Uma destas explicações refere que o nome deriva de "troncoso", ou seja, o nome ficaria a dever-se ao facto de existirem árvores de grande porte na região em que a cidade foi fundada. O segundo, que foi considerado por Charles Joly (1818-1902), em 1893, uma das maiores árvores da Europa, já não existe, mas ainda hoje é possível observar árvores impressionantes como a "Tília Grande de Trancoso". Outra explicação, que específica concretamente um ato de fundação, um pouco à semelhança de Roma (cf. Fundação de Roma), refere que a cidade terá sido fundada por um emissário vindo do Egipto ou da Etiópia. O nome do emissário seria Awseya Tarakos, que mais tarde viria a ser rei da Etiópia, da dinastia salomónica. Existem, também, outras cidades europeias cujos nomes têm algumas semelhanças com Trancoso, podendo haver alguma relação entre eles (TarragonaTarascon, etc.). Em Portugal, atualmente, é possível encontrar a designação Trancoso para outras localidades e lugares. Existe, ainda, um rio no norte de Portugal, afluente do rio Minho, que tem esse nome.

 

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Trancoso

 

Viseu – As origens da cidade de Viseu remontam à época castreja e, com a Romanização, ganhou grande importância, quiçá devido ao entroncamento de estradas romanas de cuja prova restam apenas os miliários. Estes miliários alinham-se num eixo que parece corresponder à estrada de Mérida (Espanha), que se intersectaria com a ligação Olissipo-Cale-Bracara, outros dois pólos bastante influentes. Talvez por esse motivo se possa justificar a edificação da estrutura defensiva octogonal, de dois quilómetros de perímetro — a Cava de Viriato.

Viseu está associada à figura de Viriato, já que se pensa que este herói lusitano tenha talvez nascido nesta região. Depois da ocupação romana na península, seguiu-se a elevação da cidade a sede de diocese, já em domínio visigótico, no século VI.

Mesmo antes da formação do Condado Portucalense, Viseu foi várias vezes residência dos condes D. Teresa e D. Henrique que, em 1123 lhe concedem um foral. Seu filho D. Afonso Henriques terá nascido em Viseu a 5 de Agosto de1109, segundo tese do historiador Almeida Fernandes. O segundo foral foi-lhe concedido pelo filho dos condes,  D. Afonso Henriques, em 1187, e confirmado por D. Afonso II, em 1217.

 

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Monumento a Viriato - Viseu

 

Seia – Situada na vertente ocidental da serra da Estrela, a cidade de Seia fica a 550 m de altitude. O clima do concelho é temperado, com temperaturas moderadas no Verão e frio no Inverno, com temperaturas muito baixas e ocorrências de neve, por vezes abundantes, nas partes mais elevadas da Serra da Estrela. Quanto ao regime de precipitações, há uma pequena estação seca, que compreende os meses de Verão de Julho e Agosto.

A primitiva ocupação humana do local da actual Seia remonta à época pré-romana, quando da fundação de uma povoação pelos Túrdulos, por volta do século IV a.C., denominada como Senna. Os Túrdulos edificaram um castro no lugar de Nogueira, entre os montes de Santana e de Carvalha do Outeiro. Defendiam-no estrategicamente três castros, mais pequenos, um em S. Romão, outro em Crestelo e o terceiro na actual Seia. Existem ainda restos de castros em Travancinha, Loriga e S. Romão.

Quando a se verificou a Invasão romana da Península Ibérica, os Lusitanos fizeram da serra, então chamada Montes Hermínios, o seu quartel-general, que se tornou um forte obstáculo para os invasores. Isto não impediu, no entanto, que o general Galba massacrasse 30.000 montanheses lusitanos.

 

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 Seia

 

Piódão (Aldeia Histórica) – O Piódão “Presépio do Açor”, aldeia classificada como "Imóvel de Interesse Público", localiza-se na Serra do Açôr, com uma implantação de escarpa abrupta e uma estrutura de malha cerrada e traçado sinuoso, bem adaptada à rugosidade do espaço envolvente. As pastagens da Serra de S. Pedro do Açor, recheada de nascentes, atraíram os pastores lusitanos que ali alimentaram os seus rebanhos. Na época medieval, formou-se um pequeno povoado a que foi dado o nome de Casas Piódam, depois transferido para a atual localização, talvez devido à instalação de um Mosteiro de Cister (de que já não restam vestígios) o que fará remontar o lugar ao séc. XIII. A este mosteiro poderá estar ligada a antiga invocação de Santa Maria (comum nas Abadias Cistercienses) da Igreja Matriz templo reformulado no séc. XVIII/XIX, o que o dotou duma curiosa fachada pautada por finas torres cilíndricas rematadas por cones.

 

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 Panoramica de Piódao

 

Arganil – Arganil é uma lindíssima vila, sede de concelho, do Centro de Portugal, situada numa região serrana de grande beleza, de fértil vegetação e abundantes cursos de água.

A região apresenta vestígios de ocupação romana desde tempos bem remotos, existindo vestígios da permanência dos povos primitivos nesta região, como a Necrópole dos Moinhos de Vento, do período Calcolítico, ou o Acampamento Militar Romano da Lomba do Canho.

O Património de Arganil caminha de mãos dadas com a história e beleza da vila, dona de um invejável Centro Histórico, destacando-se monumentos como a Capela de São Pedro, a Igreja da Misericórdia, a Capela do Senhor da Agonia, ou o Pelourinho da Vila.

A cerca de 2 km do centro, situa-se o Santuário de Nossa Senhora do Monte Alto datado do século XVI,  a 500 metros de altitude, celebrando-se no dia 15 de Agosto uma célebre Romaria que atrai inúmeros visitantes.

Circundando a vila de Arganil, encontram-se pequenas aldeias serranas tradicionais que vale a pena conhecer, situadas nas encostas e vales das bonitas serranias da região, como Vila Cova de Alva, Benfeita (integrada na rede “Aldeias de Xisto”), Coja, Malhada Chã, Barriosa ou a magnífica Aldeia de Piódão, uma das mais bonitas do País.

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 Vista de Arganil


Lousã (Rede de Aldeias de Xisto) –  Município da Lousã, uma ideia que ressalta de imediato, é o facto de se estar perante um sector de montanha e de grande riqueza natural. Sai assim realçado o facto de os principais traços físicos do Município reflectirem, de uma forma quase directa, as grandes linhas estruturais que definem, desde há muito, a morfologia do seu território, e que influenciaram a própria ocupação humana na região, ao longo dos últimos séculos.

A Serra da Lousã e as Aldeias de Xisto, são um rico e variado património histórico/edificado e natural existente.

A Rede das Aldeias do Xisto integra 27 aldeias de 16 concelhos que se situam no centro de Portugal, no território que se situa entre Castelo Branco e Coimbra. É um território essencialmente constituído por montanhas de xisto, circundado e atravessado por uma boa rede rodoviária.

Mas dizer só isto é muito pouco. As montanhas oferecem pedras que fazem parte da identidade do território. Com as pedras se fez a sua história, mas com elas se fez um projeto de futuro. Aldeias que estavam em ruína, a desaparecer, originaram um destino turístico premiado. É algo único e notável, por ter surgido num dos territórios mais desfavorecidos do interior do país.

As pessoas dão-nos afetos. A matéria prima do bom acolhimento. Com simpatia. Com conforto. Com bom gosto. Com sabores. Com um desafio. Descobrir as Aldeias do Xisto é dar e receber uma palavra de cumprimento dos seus habitantes. Se der mais umas quantas de conversa, receberá em troca uma história de vida.

 

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 Lousa

 

Tomar –  Cidade localizada nas margens do rio Nabão, pertencente ao distrito de Santarém na província do Ribatejo, foi conquistada ao Mouros por D. Afonso Henriques em 1147 sendo depois doada por este monarca aos Templários em 1159. A 1 de março de 1160 foi fundada Tomar com o início da construção do castelo. D Gualdim Pais concedeu-lhe foral em 1162.

Com a extinção da Ordem do Templo em 1312 por decisão do Papa Clemente V, que queria ver os templários banidos da Europa, foi fundada a Ordem de Militar de Cristo. Devido à necessidade de defender a fronteira algarvia, a sede desta Ordem transferiu-se para Castro Marim. Trinta e sete anos depois, voltou a fixar-se em Tomar mais concretamente no seu castelo.

Assim Tomar viria a ser o centro originador e principal sustentador da epopeia dos Descobrimentos. O Infante D. Henrique, nomeado pelo Papa como Regedor da Ordem de Cristo, viria a instalar-se no castelo de Tomar.

Foi elevada à categoria de cidade em 1844, tendo sido visitada pela Rainha D. Maria II no ano seguinte.

 

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Convento de Cristo - Tomar

 

GASTRONOMIA

 

Castelo Branco

- Laburdo

- Fritada

- Ensopado cabrito

- Bucho recheado

 

Guarda

- Queijo da Serra

- Sopa de grão

- Morcelas

- Enchidos

- Maranhos

- Borrego assado

- Serrabulho a moda da Beira

- Rancho de Seia

- Tijelada (doce)

 

Viseu

- Cabrito da Grelheira

- Maça da Beira Alta

- Vitela de Lafões

- Rancho de Viseu

 

VINHOS

 

Região Vinícola da Beira Interior

É a região mais montanhosa de Portugal continental, compreendendo algumas das serras mais altas de Portugal.

O clima sofre de uma influência continental extremada, com importantes variações de temperatura, verões curtos, quentes e secos, e Invernos prolongados e muito frios.

Os solos são maioritariamente graníticos, com pequenas manchas de xisto e, embora pouco comuns, manchas arenosas.

A Beira Interior encontra-se dividida em três sub-regiões, Castelo Rodrigo, Pinhel e Cova da Beira. Castelo Rodrigo e Pinhel, apesar de se encontrarem separadas por cadeias montanhosas, partilham características semelhantes.

Por sua vez a Cova da Beira apresenta-se diferente, estendendo-se desde os contrafortes da Serra da Estrela até ao vale do Tejo, a Sul de Castelo Branco.

As castas brancas predominantes são o Arinto, Fonte Cal, Malvasia Fina, Rabo de Ovelha e Síria, enquanto nos tintos prevalecem o Bastardo, Marufo, Rufete, Tinta Roriz e Touriga Nacional, com presença regular de vinhas muito velhas.

 

vinhos_beira_inter.jpg

 

Região Vinícola Dão e Lafões

Rodeada por montanhas em todas as direcções, assente em solos graníticos muito pobres, a região do Dão estende as suas vinhas dispersas entre pinhais a diferentes altitudes, desde os 1.000 metros da Serra da Estrela até aos 200 metros das zonas mais baixas.

As vinhas são esparsas e descontínuas, divididas em múltiplas parcelas, com propriedades com áreas médias quase insignificantes.

As montanhas determinam e condicionam o clima da região, abrigando as vinhas da influência directa do clima continental e da influência marítima. Os solos pobres são maioritariamente graníticos.

Nas castas brancas salientam-se, para além do Encruzado, as variedades Bical, Cercial, Malvasia Fina, Rabo de Ovelha e Verdelho. Nas castas tintas, para além da Touriga Nacional, salientam-se o Alfrocheiro, Jaen e Tinta Roriz, para além das pouco valorizadas Baga, Bastardo e Tinta Pinheira.

Lafões é uma pequena região de transição, encravada entre as denominações do Dão e Vinho Verde, cortada pelo rio Vouga, com solos maioritariamente graníticos.

Nas castas brancas prosperam o Arinto, Cerceal, Dona Branca, Esgana Cão e Rabo de Ovelha, sendo os tintos dominados pelas castas Amaral e Jaen. Por regra, os vinhos de Lafões mostram um pendor acídulo, apresentando um estilo semelhante ao da denominação vizinha do Vinho Verde

 

vinhos dao_lafoes.jpg

 

 Mais infortmaçoes: turiventos@sapo.pt

 

Post by: Turiventos

 

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 18:05

EN - The History of Fado (With Mariza)

por Turiventos, em 19.01.15

 

 

 

 Post by:

Turiventos

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 22:25

Cultural heritage - historical - architecture - religious.Gastronomy - Wine and Olive Oil .

Duration – 1 week 

Circuito do Alentejo capa eng.jpg

Follow the links to read:

Alentejo 2 - Alcacer do Sal

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-2-alcacer-4689

Alentejo 3 - Grandola

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-3-grandola-4989

Alentejo 4 - Ferreira do Alentejo

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-4-ferreira-1757

Alentejo 5 - Serpa

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-6-serpa-2241

Alentejo 6 - Beja

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-5-beja-2030

Alentejo 7 - Moura

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-7-moura-2501

Alentejo 8/9 - Reguengos Monsaraz - Alqueva

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-89-2572

Alentejo 10 - Vila Viçosa

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-10-vila-6549

Alentejo 11 - Estremoz

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-11-estremoz-3284

Alentejo 12 - Arraiolos

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-12-3387

Alentejo 13/14 - Evora - Escoural

http://turiventos-turismoeventos.blogs.sapo.pt/travel-tips-tour-alentejo-1314-3650

 

Post by:

Turiventos

 

 

 

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 13:50

Ruta: Alfama el origen de la ciudad

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Distancia: 6 millas. Dificultad: Medio CircuitoUrbanos Duración (aproximado): - 4 o 5 horas

Lugares para visitar:

Plaza del Palacio: Entorno - estatua de José I - Arco de la calle Augusta - Lisboa Story Center - Buró de Turismo de Lisboa - Beer Museum -Río Tajo.

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Tranvía 28: Típico eléctrica Alfama alza

 

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Mirador de Nuestra Señora del Monte: Ver la ciudad de Lisboa, cerca del castillo, Martim Moniz, Rossio, Bairro Alto, Río Tajo, Puente 25 de abril de Almada.

 

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Portas do Sol Punto de vista: Vista al este de la ciudad, el Panteón Nacional, Iglesia de S. Vicente  Fora, Valla Nova (muralla de la ciudad), Estatua de San Vicente  (patrona de la ciudad).

 

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Castelo S. Jorge: (Entrada livre) - Visita ao interior do Castelo é paga

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Sta Luzia punto de vista :. Vista del río Tajo y Alfama

 

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Teatro Romano: Rastros de un teatro romano

 

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Iglesia de San Antonio: El santo patrón de las bodas de Lisboa
y Anthony Museo

 

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Catedral de Lisboa: emblemática iglesia de Lisboa

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Calles de Alfama: Ruta de las calles típicas de casas de fado de Alfama

 

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Largo do Chafariz de Dentro: ubicación de la entrada de la ciudad en el siglo XII

Museu del Fado: Museo de la historia del fado "Patrimonio Inmaterial de la Humanidad"

 

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Casa dos Bicos: Funciona Fundación José Saramago

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 Publicación por:

António Duro

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 16:16

Cultural heritage - historical - architecture - religious - Gastronomy - Wine and Olive Oil .

Duration – 1 week 

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EVORA

Travel: Arraiolos ȃvora: 23 kms

Travel time (expected): 30 minutes

THE CITY

The city of Évora is the main urban center of the region, population and functional terms. The social and economic dynamics of the city has managed to buck the trend in the region as a whole, maintaining a similar growth to that of other medium-sized Portuguese cities by the year 2001, after reversing this trend, reflecting the influence of some significant migration still sufficient to compensate for the natural balance.

In recent decades the increasing urbanization of the population is presented as a trend globally, with the increase of population transfer of small clusters for large cities and for medium-sized cities. Although Portugal has a much lower rate of urbanization to the rest of the European area and the growth dynamics of urban centers continue to show higher values than the surrounding regions in the last decade, the population of Évora, in the previous decade had seen a increase close to 800 people, recorded a population increase of 77 inhabitants only.

Due to its location, Évora is constituted as space hinge between the Alentejo and Extremadura. In fact, the Sines Port Platform ensures the maritime transport of cargo between southern and northern Europe, as well as road access (by way IC33, IP2 and A6) throughout Europe, through the city-port of Elvas. It is accepted that this dynamic is enhanced in the future through the LTM rail corridor (Goods transport line).

Given its size, centrality and visibility in the national, Évora emerges as the pole with better conditions to lead the hierarchy of the regional urban system. Indeed, the city clearly has equity, cultural, academic vocation, and services, environmental quality, which seeks to boost the entire surrounding area to the city itself. Thus, the appreciation of the medium-sized cities network Alentejo region as well as the urban centers of influence above district council, is the main objective in the search for an integrated urban system. In conjunction with the national urban system, the medium-sized cities in the Alentejo region, with special relevance for Evora should contribute jointly to promote the harmonious development of regional complementary network.

 

Muralhas de Evora (Walls of Évora)

The Walls of Évora (about the medieval), also referred to as New About Évora or Fernandinas Walls of Évora, are located in the St. Anthony parish in the town of Evora, Portugal.

The whole is a National Monument since 1922, and integrates the entire Historic Centre of Évora, inscribed as a World Heritage UNESCO.2

The works of construction of this circuit walls began in the 14th century by order of Afonso IV of Portugal and lasted until the reign of Ferdinand I of Portugal.

Later, in the 17th century were reinforced by the construction of advanced bastions.

The set consists of the towers and wall panels erected in the 14th and 15th centuries to limit the medieval city, the towers of the ramp of the Collegiate, the Baluarte de San Bartolomé, the Public Garden, the Aviz doors, those located nearby the Calvary Convent (between the gates of Raimundo and the Lagoon), and between the stronghold of Count Lippe and the Cavalry Barracks.

These structures are characterized by different architectural styles, from Gothic and Manueline windows of the north and west elevations, the bastion style type of Aviz Port Vauban and other sections of seventeenth-century wall, to the revivalist style Raimundo port or a distortion of Port Lagoon, due to the numerous reedificações and renovations over the centuries.

 

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Convento Santa Clara (Convent of Santa Clara)

The Convent of Santa Clara is located between the Serpa Pinto Street and Santa Clara, St. Anthony parish, in Évora.

This ancient religious house of Poor Clare nuns was founded in the 16th century by the then Bishop of Évora, D. Vasco Perdigao, with some features that individualized, at the time, the various Alentejo religious houses, such as the picturesque laced windows of the towers / lookouts. The church today has a baroque appearance (gilt and 18th century tiles) and beautiful murals at the top of the ship and the two choirs. The cloister and other convent buildings, such as the dining room and the room of the Chapter, remain more or less intact.

Due to the extinction of the Religious Orders, the convent closed on May 9, 1903, with the death of the last nun, Maria does Carmo Ludovina. Then entered in state ownership, which it installed a Barracks Infantry from 1911 to 1936. From that date, began serving the Industrial School and then Preparatory, having then been the subject of several restoration campaigns, which have kept the sober convent aspect of this vast building, now harboring the Escola EB 2,3 of Santa Clara.

Currently is installed in the church of Santa Clara the provisional core of the Museum of Évora, due to construction of the building where it is installed.

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Aqueduto da Água de Prata (The Silver Water Aqueduct)

The Aqueduct of Silver Water, also known as the Aqueduct Water Silver or Silver Aqueduct is a complex work of Renaissance hydraulic engineering in order to supply the city of Évora with water. Opened in 1537, was built during the reign of King John III and designed and built by the royal architect Francisco de Arruda.1 The aqueduct carries water from springs located in Divor of Grace, which "have their first principle in Herdade das Figueiras Wolf, to the city of Évora traveling about 18 Km. it is part of the Historic Centre of Évora included List of UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a National Monument since 1910. the aqueduct is one of the few this season that continues to operate today, contributing to the supply of the city.

History

It was developed in 1531 and was inaugurated on March 28, 1537, has an extension which runs about 18 Km from the Grace of Divor to its final destination, the city of Évora. Ordered the construction by order of King John III, was designed and built by the royal architect Francisco de Arruda. According to measurements made in the early 17th century (1606), the former Raceway sixteenth average 16 646 sticks, which are 8,323 fathoms, the equivalent of 18,310.60 meters.

Background

The development experienced by the city in the late Middle Ages, led to Évora halt great importance in the national urban structure. King John I (1385 - 1433) ranked as the second city of the Kingdom and the King Afonso V (1438 - 1481) chose it to headquarters of its military campaigns. In the 16th century the city acquires an even greater prestige, watching its peak in wealth, political importance, economic and cultural that time. In this century the court went on to stay long periods in Évora from the reign of King Manuel I, resulting in the construction of the Royal Palace, numerous palaces and wealthy houses of nobles, as well as convents, churches, schools and other buildings. It is also this century the foundation of the University of Évora by Cardinal Henry.

In the first decades of the 16th century the supply of drinking water to Évora was clearly insufficient, especially in the summer months. Further aggravated by the lack of water facilitated the appearance of fever with its tragic and deadly consequences. It is important to consider that the city of Évora had suffered in previous decades three plague epidemics with tragic consequences (1495, 1509 and 1523).

Despite the lack consistent scientific evidence, we consider the possibility have been another aqueduct, more or less superimposed on the sixteenth-century aqueduct, during the Roman occupation, when the Evora was called Ebora Liberalitas Iulia.

Building

After waiting for four decades and two vain attempts the work was finally achieved in a short time. In the 30s of the 16th century King John III mobilized important technical, human and financial resources to provide the city with the most extensive and complex project of hydraulic engineering of its time. For the construction of the aqueduct was also told the financial contribution of the nobility of Évora with 691,640 kings (old currency), through tax of the royal household incomes to launch the "great song".

The earliest description of what is known of the aqueduct is the time of the reign of King Philip I of Portugal and part of the Silver Water Aqueduct of Procedure dating from 1606:

"... The first water entering the Real pipe is in the mines where it has its principle, which is the ground of Rui Lopes Lobo, besides the Church of Our Lady of Grace Divor [...] these mines have two pipes separated into two very well-made arms [...] has three feet wide and six high, with its stone walls and lime, covered over large well-hewn stone [...] and as the water there is going to level, will the pipes in high land beneath it, sometimes 25 feet, and parts in 30 feet [...] these pipes [...] the right steps have luminarias to give clarity to those who visit the inside, taking away the stones the cover ... "

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Sé de Évora (See / Evora Cathedral)

The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of the Assumption, better known as Cathedral of Évora, or simply Cathedral of Évora, although begun in 1186 and consecrated in 1204, this granite cathedral was completed only in 1250. It is a monument marked by the transition style Romanesque to the Gothic, marked by three majestic ships. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the cathedral received major improvements, dating from that time the high choir, the pulpit, the baptistery and the arch of the chapel of Our Lady of Mercy, also known as Chapel of the Spur, rare copy of plateresca hybrid architecture, dated 1529. from baroque altarpieces dating some golden details and other specific improvements in luxuries decorations. Even in the 18th century the cathedral was enriched with the construction of the new chapel, sponsored by King João V, where the exuberance of marbles was wisely combined with the austerity of the Romanesque-Gothic temple. In 1930, by request of the Archbishop of Évora, Pope Pius XI gave the Cathedral the title of Minor Basilica. In the following decades were carried out some restoration work, such as the demolition of Fitted vestiarias, 18th century, (which allowed to uncover the outer face and the cloister rosettes) and the apeamento some baroque altarpieces that misrepresent the medieval environment the aisles.

The facade of the cathedral is flanked by two towers, both the medieval period, and the tower on the south side of the cathedral bell tower, whose bells for centuries mark the passing hours of the city. Flanking the portal there are superb sculptures of Apostles 14th century Architectural stretch more emblematic of the exterior is the dome, cruise-lantern tower of the ships built in the reign of King Dinis, who is the former's landmark cathedral and one of the Popular parts of the city. In addition to the main entrance there are two more entries: the Puerta del Sol, facing south, with Gothic arches and the North Gate, rebuilt in the Baroque period.

The cathedral interior is distributed in large three ships (it is the largest Portuguese cathedral). In the central nave (the highest), is the Our Lady of Angel altar (also called the city Lady of O) in baroque carvings, with the Gothic images of the Virgin, in polychrome marble and the Angel Gabriel. Still, the central one may wonder if the pulpit (marble) and the magnificent pipe organ (both from the Renaissance period). In the transept opens up the ancient chapels of St. Lawrence and the Holy Christ (which communicates with the House of the Chapter) and the Chapels of the Relics and the Blessed Sacrament, both decorated with opulent gilded ornaments. In the left nave, near the entrance, opens the baptistery, enclosed by beautiful iron railings from the Renaissance period. In the north transept top is the beautiful Renaissance portal (attributed to Nicholas Chanterene) of the Chapel of Squires of the Spur (which it had grave).

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Capela Mor (Presbytery)

The altar and chancel 18 century marble are JF Ludwig, best known for Ludwig, the architect of the Convent of Mafra. The building of this work was due to the need for space for the canons since the 18th century splendor of liturgical ceremonies required a greater number of clerics. Thus, the early Gothic chapel sacrificed himself (whose altarpiece painting can admire today in the Regional Museum of Évora). It combine white, green and pink marble (from Estremoz, Sintra and Carrara (Italy). One may also admire a beautiful Crucifix of Manuel Dias authored, called the Father of Christ, which on top painting of Our Lady of the Assumption (patron saint of the Cathedral), made in Rome by Agostino Masucci, as well as allegorical statues, busts of St. Peter and St. Paul and of an authorship of the pipe organ of the Italian master Pascoal Caetano Oldovini.

In the cloisters, of about 1325, there are statues of the Evangelists in each corner. The cloister, built by order of Bishop Peter, is a beautiful Gothic example, enriched with rosettes of various decorations. It is further ennobled by the funeral chapel of Bishop Peter (cloister founder), who’s gothic tomb still exists in the center of it. Recently been placed in the south wing of the cloister of the tombs of deceased archbishops of Évora in the 20th century.

The chorus is the result of the work done in the Manueline period. Has a valuable oak stalls, where they are carved mythological scenes, naturalists and rural, dated 1562.

The treasure houses of religious art pieces in the fields of vestments, painting, sculpture and jewelery. The most curious is a Virgin (Our Lady of Paradise) of the thirteenth century, ivory whose body opens to become a triptych with tiny carved scenes: her life in nine episodes. Among other pieces can be still admire the Cross-Reliquary of the Holy Cross (14th century), the Cardinal Henry Crosier (who was Archbishop of Évora and King of Portugal) and gallery of the Archbishops, where are portrayed all the prelates Évora from 1540 to the present. Both the treasure, as the gallery of the Archbishops part of the Museum of Sacred Art of the Cathedral, opened in 1983, during the celebration of the 8th centenary of the Cathedral. The Museum is installed, since May 22, 2009, the former College of Young Men the Cathedral Choir, building adjoining the cathedral, which after renovated, houses the collections of jewelry, vestments, paintings and sculptures, which make up the valuable treasure of the Cathedral.

Several major religious events are associated with this temple. It is said that here were blessed the flags of Vasco da Gama's fleet in 1497. The cruise is the tomb chapel of João Mendes de Vasconcelos, emissary of King Manuel the court of Charles V in Castile in the failed attempt to bring back the Portugal Ferdinand Magellan, who then prepared in Seville the first globe circumnavigation trip.

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Igreja de São Francisco / Capela dos Ossos (St. Francis Church / Chapel of Bones)

The Church of San Francisco in Evora is a church of Gothic-Manueline architecture. Built between 1480 and 1510 by the masters of precious stones Martim Lourenço and Pero rail and decorated by the royal painters Francisco Henriques, Jorge Afonso, and Garcia Fernandes, is closely linked to the historical events that marked the maritime expansion period of Portugal. This is obvious in the symbols of the monumental nature of ogival dome: the cross of the Order of Christ and the emblems of the founding kings, John II and Manuel I.

According to tradition, this church was buried Gil Vicente in 1536.

According to tradition, the Convent of St. Francis of Évora have been the first home of the Franciscan Order in Portugal, having been founded in the 12th century According to the canons of the Rule of St. Francis, the early monastic church had three naves, with connecting chapels between itself. In this original building took place several important ceremonies such as marriage of D. Pedro I with D. Manuel Constance. This period left some traces, as evidenced by the trilobadas cracks that flank the main entrance. The church was remodeled in the late 15th century, having built the magnificent temple that exists today and that is one of the most impressive Portuguese churches. Respecting the original boundaries, the three ships were replaced by a single nave remaining, covered by bold Gothic-Manueline vault that reaches twenty-four meters high. The Convent of San Francisco then lived its golden moments, when the court of King Afonso V began to install the convent space during their stay in Evora. Thus, the church of San Francisco was elevated to the rank of Royal Chapel, hence the multiple royal emblems of John II and Manuel I. At that time, the monastery received the Golden Convent of title, such wealth that the Royal Family the decorated.

The splendor of these years (that somehow contradicted the Franciscan spirituality (of poverty and simplicity), was followed by a less glorious period, marked by the loss of independence (in 1580). In this period was built the curious Bones Chapel for that the community reflect the purpose of the ephemerality of human life. in the 18th century were built several gilded woodwork and marble (most of them subsidized by grantees of their chapels, where they had a private grave). in the 19th century a new crisis befall the Convent: the extinction of the religious orders in 1834. the entire monastic part was nationalized, having it installed the city Court, until about 1895, when, under severe ruin, if demolished virtually everywhere convent (bedrooms, part of the cloister, etc.). He saved up but the magnificent church because in 1840, there to transferred the seat of the parish of St. Peter.

Stand out in all the features of Gothic church-Manueline architecture, particularly the battlements and towers of the facades, the main portico and the magnificent dome of the ship.

 

Nave da igreja (Church nave)

In the vast nave of the church, open-ten side chapels, composed of gilded and polychrome carved (18th century) and stucco (19th century). Some are from the Convento da Graça church, from which they were saved from ruin. In the Baptistery is the font of the old church of St. Peter and a curious representation of Christ's Baptism in the Jordan, cork, from the former convent of Santa Monica.

Capela Mor (Presbytery)

The chancel altarpiece replaced a set of Renaissance painting (currently dispersed by Evora Museums and Ancient Art. The current altarpiece is the second half of the 18th century, marble, a work that contrasts with the manufactory environment of space. It is expose the great images of St. Francis and St. Dominic, as was the custom in the Franciscan churches. in chapel elevations are two beautiful Renaissance marbled windows, where the Royal Family attended the religious services (in the 16th century) and a large body of eighteenth-century tubes (Pascoal Caetano Oldovini). the stalls of the monks is decorated with representations of various Franciscan saints. the side altars still have several paintings from the Renaissance period.

 

Capela da Ordem Terceira (Chapel of the Third Order)

Particularly majestic is the Chapel of the artistic set of the venerable Third Order of St. Francis of Penance (consisting of lay people), it is harmoniously all the splendor of Baroque carving of the Johannine period with the tiles and representative screens Franciscan themes.

 

Capela de São Joãozinho (Chapel of St. Johnny)

Small Renaissance dependence of ribbed vault, once independent of the Franciscan temple, built on the north side of the transept. It was the early headquarters of the Holy House of Mercy of Evora and under its cover is the Annunciation angel sculpture in the 1st century marble.

 

Sala do Capítulo (Chapterhouse)

The destruction of the convent of saved up the old hall of the chapter, which in the nineteenth century was transformed into a chapel of Our Lord of the House of Bones (of great local devotion image representing the suffering of Christ on Calvary the way). The dressing room where the image is exposed is the model of the main chapel of the Cathedral of Évora, having been built by order of JF Ludwig, best known for Ludwig, the architect who designed in the 18th century.

 

A Capela dos Ossos (The Chapel of Bones)

The Chapel of Bones is one of the curiosities of this great monument, one of the symbols of the city of Évora. The chapel was built in the centuries 1 and 17, in place of the original dormitory of the brothers. Its construction started from the initiative of three Franciscan friars who wanted to provide a better reflection on the brevity of human life. The chapel consists of bones from the convent church of graves and other churches and cemeteries of the city. The walls of the chapel and the vaults are covered with thousands of human bones, which illustrate the idea of founding monks, expressed in the phrase on top the chapel porch: We bones that are here, for your hope.

The church is still rich in religious and Renaissance and Baroque painting statuary, as reflected in chapels and other dependencies that survived to this day.

 

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Templo Romano de Évora / Templo Diana (Roman Temple of Évora / Diana Temple)

The Roman Temple of Évora is located in the town of Evora, Portugal; is part of the historic city center, which was classified as World Heritage by UNESCO. The Roman Temple is a National Monument by IGESPAR. One of the most famous landmarks of the city, and a symbol of Roman presence in Portuguese territory.

Located in the parish of the Cathedral and St. Peter, at Largo Conde Vila Flor, is surrounded by the Cathedral of Évora, the Tribunal of the Inquisition, the Church and Convent Lóios the Évora Public Library and the Museum.

Although the Evora Roman temple is often called the Temple of Diana, it is known that the association with the Roman goddess of the hunt originated from a legend created in the 17th century, in fact, the temple was probably built in honor of the Emperor Augustus who was venerated as a god during and after his reign. The temple was built in the 1st century AD in the main square (forum) of Évora - then called Liberatias Iulia - and changed in centuries 2 and 3. Évora was invaded by Germanic peoples in the 5th century, and it was at this time that the temple was destroyed; today, its ruins are the only traces of the Roman Forum in the city.

The ruins of the temple were incorporated into a tower of Évora Castle during the Middle Ages. The base, columns and architraves continued embedded in the walls of the medieval building, 2 and the temple (turned into tower) was used as a 14th century butcher until 1836. This use of the structure of the temple helped preserve the remains of further destruction . Finally, after 1871, the medieval additions were removed, and the restoration work was coordinated by Italian architect Giuseppe Cinatti.

The original temple was probably similar to the Maison Carrée of Nîmes (France). The Temple of Évora is still with his full base (the podium), made of both regular format of granite blocks as irregular. The format of the base is rectangular and measures 15m x 25m x 3.5m altura.5 The south side of the base used to have a staircase, now in ruins.

The porch of the temple, which no longer exists, was originally a hexastilo. A total of fourteen granite columns still standing on the north side (back) of the base; many of the columns still have their capitals in Corinthian style supporting the architrave. The capitals and bases of the columns are made of white marble Estremoz, while the columns and architrave are made of granite. Recent excavations indicate that the temple was surrounded by a reflecting pool.

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Igreja da Misericórdia  (Church of Mercy)

The Church of Mercy is an important religious monument in the city of Évora, situated in the Misericordia Square, the Cathedral parish and St. Peter.

The foundation of the Holy House of Mercy Évora dates back to December 7, 1499, having been instituted by the King Manuel I, by his wife Queen Maria and his sister, the widow Queen Leonor. Having had the first seat in the Chapel of St. Johnny (attached to the Convent of San Francisco), came moved to this location in the reign of King John III. The first stone of the church was laid in 1554.

The church, with a single nave and sober proportions, presents a majestic set of baroque art of the 17th and 18th centuries, one of the most beautiful churches in the city of Évora. The side walls are lined with beautiful blue and white tile panels, topped by oil paintings, representing the spiritual Works of Mercy and materials, respectively. The back wall is completely filled with a remarkable altarpiece of gilt, surmounted by the representation, the oil, the Virgin of Mercy. The throne of solemn exposition of the Holy Book, on Holy Thursday, is hidden for the rest of the year by another screen, representing the Visitation of Our Lady to her cousin Elizabeth. On the right, the body of the church, gets up the gallery with the seats where they take place the Poll workers of the Brotherhood during solemn ceremonies.

 

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Villa Romana de Nossa Senhora da Tourega  (Villa Romana of Our Lady of Tourega)

The Roman Villa Tourega Our Lady is a Roman villa, classified as a site of public interest since 2012.1 located in the Parishes Union of Our Lady of Tourega and Our Lady of Guadalupe (old parish of Our Lady of Tourega) in the county and district of Évora.

Was situated in a privileged territory of Ebora Liberalitas Julia (now Évora), next to the Roman road bound for Salacia (now Alcacer do Sal) and distally from just five kilometers from the Roman road to Pax Julia.

Was heritage of people of ruling class linked to the exploitation of the land between the 1st century and 4. Roughly speaking, the village was an estate of the period of Roman occupation of the Iberian peninsula, similar to current Alentejo hills, consisting of a set of housing for residence of the owners and their employees, and equipped with private baths given the importance that the Romans always gave the hygiene and health care.

At its maximum extent the village would occupy an area of about five hundred square meters, with double spa, for both sexes, with rooms and hot and cold baths tanks. Today there are three tanks baths, rectangular, mortar wall built by taking the widest 24.5 meters long and about 4.6 meters wide.

Had a very complex internal structure, as shown excavation carried out especially in spa area. Three phase construction were identified in this space.

About 12 km from the city of Évora, you can find this Roman villa from an existing dirt deviation in the link road to Alcáçovas near the riverside Valverde. You can also get there on foot or by bike through a pedestrian path with signposts from Valverde (Évora).

 

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Anta de São Brissos (Anta are Brissos)

The Anta are Brissos, built between the 4th and the 3rd millennium BC, is located in Escoural Santiago parish, in Montemor-o-Novo municipality.

The tapir is now transformed into a small chapel, dating from the 17th century, and is therefore also known as Anta of Our Lady of Deliverance or Anta-Chapel of Our Lady of Deliverance.

The tapir-chapel incorporates three of the original struts, as well as part of the original camera coverage. The opening facing the east was covered.

It is classified by IGESPAR. It is a National Monument desde1910.

 

Herdade da Serrinha (Serrinha of Homestead)

The Serrinha of Homestead is located in Serra do Monfurado that is entered as a site of Natura 2000 by the importance that has for the conservation of habitats and rare wildlife species. The Monfurado name (Monte Stuck) probably had its origin in the many there cavities, such as Escoural Cave that is located about 1 km. This area has a very rich fauna and flora that we want come and discover. We provide several paths in and out of the estate that can be covered on foot or by bicycle.

Trail of the Caves Escoural this trail has as starting point the Herdade da Serrinha and arrival Caves Escoural. Ideal for walk on a sunny spring day, or in a summer day with the possibility of going through the embers in the shadow of a cork oak. The Herdade da Serrinha has the possibility of booking for their visit to the caves (only by appointment).

Rail Serrinha this route is done by the tabs of the hills surrounding the Herdade da Serrinha. The predominant vegetation consists of the cork oak and holm oak. In the mountain points with higher altitude can enjoy landscapes of sight, since the water mirrors that surround the mountain range to Viana do Alentejo.

Rail White House this trail begins at Herdade da Serrinha, going through all the neighboring farms until you reach the village of White House. This route is easily accessible and can be done on foot or by bike. In addition to the already characteristic mounted Alentejo, rural landscapes deserve special mention.

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Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Boa Fé  (Church of Our Lady of Good Faith)

The Church of Our Lady of Good Faith was built in the early 16th century, having suffered subsequent amendments to the long 17th and 18th centuries.

Of rectangular shape, with façade facing north, this temple preserves the original construction the Manueline portal with a pointed arch framed by an arch curtain finished with pine cones and crowned by a cross of Santiago. Laterally, the columns that flank the portico are crowned by cogulhos.

The ship, with a rectangular plan and coverage in barrel vault, presents lined with panels of eighteenth-century tiles with Marian themes, the implementation of which is attributed to the Lisbon Workshop Bernardes. Flanking the main chapel, opened two side chapels dedicated to Dead Christ and Our Lady of the Rosary. The main chapel, also covered with tile panels with themes of life of the Virgin, submit to the center is a carved altarpiece whose throne is surmounted by a sixteenth-century polychrome sculpture of Our Lady of Good Faith (the Virgin and Child), an allusion the invocation of the temple. Attached to the church is the sacristy, divided into two premises, one of the original moth sixteenth year, with ribbed dome cover.

 

Menir dos Almendres  (Menhir Almendres)

The Menhir Almendres is located in the parish of Our Lady of Guadalupe, in the municipality of Évora, Évora District, Portugal.

Is a megalithic monument located on a hill 1.3 km north-east of Almendres Cromlech, presenting isolated this. Archaeologists believe that the two monuments are related.

 

menir almendres.jpg

 

Anta Grande do Zambujeiro de Valverde  (Anta Grande do Zambujeiro of Valverde)

Great Dolmen of The Zambujeiro is located about 500 meters from Valverde, in the beautiful county of Évora, in the vast Alentejo region.

This megalithic monument listed as a National Monument is one of the largest Antas Europe, as the biggest which are known throughout the Iberian Peninsula.

This is a region occupied by man since ancient times, existing even in the area several megalithic legacy of great importance.

The Anta Grande do Zambujeiro was discovered in 1965, and it was later carried out a study and research.

It would be used by Neolithic communities as a place of burial and tribute to their dead, probably also serving Shrine.

The set has 50 meters in diameter, comprising the polygonal chamber with 6 feet tall and a corridor about 12 meters long and 2 meters high and 1.5 meters wide, access to the outside.

The monument found himself covered by a gigantic Mound over 50 meters in diameter, and the excavation recovered an important estate of ritual objects of adornment, ceramic vessels, blades and arrowheads, among many others.

 

Gastronomy

ÉVORA

When it is said that the Alentejo cuisine revolves around bread, olive oil and herbs, even seems simple.

But knowing that does is ancestral. The recipes have been passed from generation to generation, and with them the secrets of the "hand" which raises the maximum power the exuberance of flavors

These pleasures can be such a perfect experience that justifies, by itself, several trips through the region. One is not enough. If you want to taste the fullness have to do as the Alentejo: eat and drink with the seasons.

Traditional cuisine is based on pork and lamb, olive oil, bread and herbs in the fields and streams that make rich and imaginative popular kitchen, and give life to the bread soup, the lamb soaked, the soup tion and game dishes. Beside this, the monastic tradition, and their desserts based on eggs, almonds and gila - thin bread, soaked, nun bellies.

In Évora, discover the thick bread, thin bread then, bacon-the-sky, soaked (Convent of Santa Clara), the heirs and queijadas

ensopado borrego.jpg

 (Ensopado de Borrego - Lamb stew)

 

Typical dishes

Soups:

Sopa de toucinho (Bacon soup)

Sopa de Caçao (Cation soup)

Sopa de baldroegas (Soups purslane)

Açorda the Alentejo

Gazpacho the Alentejo

Meat:

Ensopado de Borrego (Lamb stew)

Cabeça de Xara (Head xara)

Perdiz de Montemor (Partridge to Montemor)

Snacks:

Sarapatéis

Cacholeiras

Presuntos barrados a azeite  (Hams barred the oil)

Sargalheta de toucinho à moda de Évora  (Bacon Sargalheta stylish Évora)

Confectionery:

Encharcada do Convento de Santa Clara  (Soaked the Santa Clara Convent)

Trouxas-de-ovos  (Muggle-of-eggs)

Bolo de mel (Honey Cake)

Tibornas

Bread thin

Bolo Joana do Convento de Santa Clara  (Joan of Santa Clara Convent Cake)

Sericaia

Torreão Real de Évora  (Turret Real de Évora)

Queijadas de Évora  (Queijadas of Évora)

Toucinho da Madre Abadessa  (Bacon of the Mother Abbess) 

 

WINE AND OLIVE OIL

ÉVORA

Herdade da Fonte Coberta  (Homestead Source Covered)

Source Covered - Évora

7000-797 Évora

We strive for wine production, but also for livestock production

Wine production

One of the most important Wine Regions of Portugal, where the vineyard is currently the largest agricultural wealth of the region and where the production of fine wines is a reality, was born Herdade da Fonte Coberta.

Since the first wine-growing plantations, in 2003, there have been major investments in the vineyards (with complete and efficient drop irrigation equipment gout) and a modern winery equipped with the most advanced technology, built in harmony with the vineyard and all the surrounding area, have an area of 2600m2 distributed between the administrative area, laboratory, wine-making areas, bottling area and stage of the basement in the bottle and in oak barrels.

In 2006 was launched on the market the foremost wine produced in the Herdade da Covered Source: Monte Gold, the 2005 harvest.

The Herdade da Fonte located Covered, about, 5km south of the city of Évora, has a total area of 220 hectares, of which, currently planting of vines is approximately 170ha which is divided among various plots where they are planted several varieties, from which produces wine of excellent quality.

The average annual production forecast when in full production will be about 200,000 liters of white wine and 850,000 liters of red wine.

Exporting is one of the largest national economy development engines. Not being oblivious to this reality Herdade da Fonte Coberta has gathered efforts, investing in expanding the internationalization of its wines and is already possible to find the wines of Herdade da Fonte Covered in some European countries, Russia, China, Angola and Ivory Coast .

Since 2010 our wines Golden Acorn Selected Harvest Red, Herdade da Fonte Covered Red Book and the Source Book Cover White Estate have been distinguished in various competitions at national and international level. Among the various medals awarded highlight in 2013, the award of the wine Gold Medal "Golden Acorn Select Harvest 2011 Red" at the Concours Mondial de Bruxelles and the silver and bronze medals, respectively, to wines "Herdade da Source Book Cover 2008 Red "and" Herdade da Covered Source Book 2011 White "at the International Wine & Spirit Competition

 

herdade fonte coberta.jpg

 

Fundação Eugénio de Almeida - Adega Cartuxa  (Eugenio de Almeida Foundation - Cellar Charterhouse)

Road Soeira, 7000-769 Évora

  1. (+351) 266 748 383
  2. (+ 351) 266 700 024

The Eugenio de Almeida Foundation is a private institution of public utility, based in Évora. Your statutes have been drafted by the founder himself, Eng Vasco Maria Eugenio de Almeida, when it was created in 1963.

The institutional mission of the Foundation is delivered in the cultural and educational, social and health care fields, and for the development and spiritual elevation of Évora region.

Among its assets, donated by Institutor to be the economic foundation of mission development, we highlight a number of farmsteads in Évora municipality in which the Foundation develops the farming and industrial project.

Continuing the exploration of the vineyard, which from time immemorial is done in the region, Eugenio de Almeida Foundation is also heir to a long history in the wine sector, because since the late 19th century that the culture of the vine is part of the productive tradition of the House agricultural Eugenio de Almeida.

Environment / Landscape in which it operates:

Based on Thursday Valbom, 2 km from the historic center of Évora, World Heritage city, and 200 meters from the Carthusian convent that inspired its name, the Wine Tourism Charterhouse is located in the former refectory of the Jesuit retirement home, that teached at the University of Évora in the 16th and 17th centuries with their expulsion in 1759, by order of the Marquis of Pombal, the property now belongs to the state, starting a few years later, in 1776, to work as a major mill wine that absorbed the wine production in the region. Acquired in the 19th century by Eugenio de Almeida family, the Charterhouse Cellar has undergone several renovations and expansions over time, preserving the richness of its architectural and historical memory. The Cellar Charterhouse - Thursday Valbom is now one of the training centers of the wines produced by Eugenio de Almeida Foundation. The success of this wine project has enabled the Foundation to generate the resources needed to fulfill its mission, focused on the social, cultural and educational in the region.

Special features of the vineyard:

The vineyard area of Eugenio de Almeida Foundation extends over more than 300ha on the farms of Pines, Casito, Horta Poplar and Quinta de Valbom. The preference for consecrated Alentejanas castes, and recommended to the Denomination of Origin Controlled Alentejo, has been instrumental in the creation of the wines of FEA. Thus, in white wines are used mostly composed the Alentejo varieties Wardrobe, Antao Vaz and Arinto. The red wines are obtained from the Aragonez, Trincadeira and Ink Caiada.

 

adega cartuxa.jpg

 

LOGOWINES, SA (Casa Agricola Alexandre Relvas, Lda.)

Pepper Homestead - S. Miguel de Machede 7005 - 752 Évora

T + 351 214 858 764

  1. + 351 214 858 765

Established in 2007, the LOGOWINES aims production and grape wine, devoting himself so the operations of a cellar located in the pepper Estate, S. Miguel de Machede.

Acquired by Casa Agricola Alexandre Relvas, Lda. In 2011 to pepper the estate has 170 ha. The vineyard occupies 65 hectares of land, 10 of which in experimental field. The soils are mostly of granitic origin Clay Sandy with granite outcrops.

The Cellar LOGOWINES will have the capacity to produce, on cruise per year, about 2.5 million high-quality wine bottles, basing its operation in a truly business logic in relation to a profitable capacity utilization.

Location:

The LOGOWINES is located in San Miguel de Machede, 18Km from the city of Évora, in an exceptional tranquility and easy access environment.

Special Winery features:

The project's construction and equipment cellar integrates all the necessary components for a modern and efficient laboring in accordance with the highest standards of quality and enabling the application of oenological techniques to produce wines of excellence.

Regarding industrial innovation, the construction of the tanks was based on an innovative principle which consists in the superposition of fermentation and storage tanks. The tanks are double well, while at its top component have a ferment and lower the retention component.

 

logowines.jpg

 

Pêra Grave - Soc. Agrícola Unipessoal Lda  (Pear Record - Agricultural Soc Unipessoal Lda)

Fifth St. Joseph of Peramanca | EN 114 - 5 km Évora

Apartado 130 | 7006-802 Évora

  1. (+351) 266 785 045
  2. (+ 351) 266 785 045

Quinta de S. José de Peramanca is located in the heart of the famous region known at least since the sixth century. XIV, cited in inquiries Fernandinas as - "VINEYARDS AND Peramanca LAND".

According Tulio Espanca the artistic inventory of Portugal: "The Chapel of the Quinta de S. José de Peramanca was built in realengas land where for centuries had experienced with fruit made famous wine Peramanca, which is quoted in the sixteenth century chronicles and was exported largely, in the Portuguese fleets in demand from overseas lands. "

The crowning excellence, the wines produced in the region Peramanca gain in the late 19th century several medals in international competitions, including gold in Bordeaux.

The current wines produced in this Thursday, offer you the opportunity to return to enjoy the remarkable wines produced by the Peramanca riverside.

peraq grave.jpg

 

End of circuit

Post by: António Duro

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 15:49

Cultural heritage - historical - architecture - religious - Gastronomy - Wine and Olive Oil .

Duration – 1 week 

Circuito do Alentejo capa eng.jpg

12 - ARRAIOLOS

Travel: Estremoz »Arraiolos: 41 kms

Travel time (expected): 60 minutes.

The Village

The foundation of Arraiolos to Sabine, Tusculanos and Alban, who were occupants of Évora before Sertorius and gave the government of Arraiolos to Rayeo captain, Greek name.

From this name seems to have then derived the name of our village, as the Rayeo name has been calling Rayolis, Rayeopolis, Arrayolos and today Arraiolos.

However, it is in 1217 with the granting of Arraiolos term by King Alfonso II, the Bishop of Évora D. Soeiro and to the chapter of the Cathedral of the same city, which begins a new chapter in our history.

In 1290, Arraiolos receives the 1st Foral, D. Dinis, and the same monarch orders the building the castle in 1305, and on 26 December 1305 the Council represented by João Anes and Martim Fernandes, accorded with the King the contract for its construction.

Arraiolos County was Nuno Alvares Pereira - 2nd Earl of Arraiolos - from the year 1387. Before taking the Carmo Convent in Lisbon, the kingdom Constable, remained here long periods of his life.

In 1511 gets new Register of D. Manuel.

Over the years there have been many changes in their territory, and administrative boundaries defined from 1736, suffered, however, several changes:

- Inclusion in the district of Evora (1835); Annexation of Vimieiro municipality (1855); Annexation of the municipality of Mora (1895); detaching the municipality of Mora (1898).

Situated in the south interior, the vast Alentejo region, Arraiolos is today a municipality with 684,08Km2, for a population of 7616 inhabitants (census 2001) spread over 7 parishes: Arraiolos Vimieiro, small church, St. Peter's Gafanhoeira, elderberry, S. Gregory and Santa Justa.

ARRAIOLOS LAND OF CARPETS is still the centuries of history of hand embroidery by generations of embroiderers who did come to the present day our most genuine handicraft the "Arraiolos Carpet".

The earliest written reference that today is known is in the inventory of Catarina Rodrigues, the wife of João Lourenço, farmer and resident in Bolelos Homestead, term of Arraiolos, where, by the year 1598, describes the existence of a tera carpet avalliado new mill, in two Kings.

One is still the archaeological excavations in the Lima Square and Brito at the beginning of the 21st Century, under the responsibility of the archaeologist Ana Gonçalves, without prejudice to a more detailed investigation, induce the start of production of carpets in Arraiolos to a previous phase to 15th century.

The county, along with the wealth of its landscape, holds a vast built heritage that the City Council has sought to preserve and enhance.

 

Castle Arraiolos

Arraiolos Castle, also known as Palace of Mayors, located in the village, parish and municipality of Arraiolos, in the district of Evora, Portugal. Stands out as one of the rare plant circular castles in the world.

Background

The early human occupation of the rocky hill known as Mount St. Peter, north of Arraiolos, is attested by some quartz firing pins and prehistoric copper ax, found during archaeological prospection in the castle fortress, currently in Évora Museum.

It is believed that the settlement has been formed itself around 300 BC

The fortification idea of this location dates back to the homestead called donation of Arraiolos made by Alfonso II (1211-1223) to D. Soeiro, Bishop of Évora, with permission for it to arise a castle (1217).

With the density of population, a new determination to raising a defense dates back to an agreement signed between King Dinis (1279-1325), the Mayor, the Judges and the Municipality of Arraiolos Village (1305), which stipulated the obligation to rise, around the village, "207 fathoms wall, three fathoms high and wide to fathom, and to do in said wall Dous portaes Darco with their doors, and Dous square cubellos in each door ".

These works were started in 1306, with a budget of 2,000 pounds granted by the monarch, and traces of authorship of John Simon. Thus, in 1310, the year in which the sovereign confirmed a charter, (...) the work was ready bricks and mortar and good defense, built a lot of conical shape, high on all neighbors and picturesquely crowned, at the apex, the ancient Church of the Savior Mother.

The castle began to suffer abandonment from the 14th century, because it is a windy place, cold, reputed as unpleasant to live. King Ferdinand (1367-1383) tried to remedy this situation by granting special privileges to its inhabitants (1371). These measures, however, proved useless, because not close the doors at night, depriving the sacraments residents out, managed to prevent the depopulation of fortification.

After the outcome of the 1383-1385 crisis, the areas of the town and its castle were donated to Constable D. Nuno Alvares Pereira (1387), awarded the title of Earl of Arraiolos. Between 1385 and 1390, here left several military expeditions against the Constable Castile.

16th century to the present day

At the end of the 16th century the castle was still inhabited, closing every night by the bell signal (1599). At that time a large number of new homes have spread to nearby slopes. In the early 17th century, however, was already naked, looking at their building materials were looted and harboring a corral on your Patio de Armas.

In 1613 the castle and its buildings were in an advanced state of disrepair, as complaints from officials of the City Council at the time.

At the time of the Restoration of Portugal's independence, under the reign of King John IV (1640-1656), the wall of the town and its castle received refurbishment works by strategic needs (1640). A few years later, in 1655, the castle returned to present ruin, with fallen Barbican, the Watchtower split and abandoned, and the Palace of Mayors uninhabitable.

A century later, the 1755 earthquake increased the damage you.

In the 19th century, its Patio de Armas served as a graveyard for cholera victims morbus in the region (1833).

In the early 20th century was a National Monument by Decree published on 23 June 1910. In the period from 1959 to 1963, the castle and the walls of Arraiolos, were partially restored by the Directorate General for National Buildings and Monuments (DGEMN ).

The set, made by the Mayors Hall of fortification and the surrounding walls, has square plan, with elements of Romanesque and Gothic style.

Built in the north section of the wall, the Palace of Mayors, of square plan, is dominated by the castle keep. This is internally divided into four floors, topped by adarve protected by merlons. Articulates the east side with the houses of the guard, towering at the door of the Plaza de Armas, and the west, with the palatial hotels.

The solid wall crenellated, broad and regular time describing an ellipsoid shape, is now well maintained. It formed part originally two doors:

  • The Village Gate (or the Barbican), the South, today reduced to a large opening in the wall; and
  • Port of Santarem, the Northwest, in Gothic style, flanked by two turrets or towers.

Still seems to have been a false door or hatch on the east side, where the wall has some ruin.

The Clock Tower, enriched with aspire to the time of King Manuel (1495-1521), seems to be one of the turrets of the old port Barbican, with the other supplied by the great keep.

It stands in the castle parade ground, the Church of the Savior.

A local tradition says that there is a secret underground passage connecting the castle in the Convent of Our Lady of the Assumption (Convent Lóios).

castelo Arraiolos1.jpg

 

 

Pelourinho de Arraiolos (Pillory Arraiolos)

Situated in Lima and Brito square. Consisting of a marble shaft, prismatic and spiraled after the ring. At the top has a capital which leaves four iron arms with rings.

 

Convento dos Lóios / Igreja Nossa Senhora da Assunçao (Lóios Convent / Church of Our Lady of the Assumption)

Construction of the 16th century and is characterized by the coexistence of architectural and decorative styles. In the church dominates the Manuel-Mudejar style and the convent is used the Baroque. Monument was founded by Saint Eloi order and is dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption.

loios.jpg

 

Monument to the tapestry maker in Arraiolos

Built in Republic Square sculpture honors the main regional product Arraiolos: carpets. Known across the country, this tapestry is characterized by being embroidered with wool on a jute fabric, cotton or linen.

The Interpretive Center Arraiolos Carpet is a permanent museum space and to community service, whose mission is to promote the study and dissemination of Arraiolos carpet, as well as its conservation, protection, recovery and recognition as historical, artistic and ethnographic, both in its present tangible and intangible.

Museum institution of municipal protection, it is assumed as a center for the dissemination and study of areas of Ethnography, History and Ornamental Arts which aims to establish and promote relations with different audiences and communities, and the carpet of Arraiolos the starting point and arrival a trip by art and Portuguese feature crafts.

The Interpretive Center Arraiolos Carpet is the result of reflection in which it was intended to link the history, origins and influences of Arraiolos carpet, its artisanal production process, their techniques and materials, its actors and holders and present the developmental profile of Arraiolos carpet over the centuries. His artistic evolution, material and technique.

Reported to the territory and the social environment in which it operates, the Interpretation Centre of Arraiolos Carpet is assumed as an essential tool with regard to the preservation, enhancement and safeguarding of Arraiolos carpet and is a means of promotion and defense of a set of cultural objects for generations contributed to the construction and transmission of collective memory Arraiolense people.

 

Arraiolos-Tapestry-Monument-Terre-Midi-LED-IMG_788

 

GASTRONOMY

ARRAIOLOS

With its aromas and traditional flavors, accompanied by our wine varieties selected by the convent sweets, the cheese and the honey, Arraiolense and Alentejo cuisine is something which makes you want to know.

Assuming its socio-cultural and economic importance, gastronomy is an integral part of the tourism quality that Arraiolos wants to give.

The dishes of "Pig", of "Borrego", of "calf", the "Soups Alentejo", the "açordas" and "migas" highlight the diversity of our cuisine, linked to rural areas, preserved, with all its cultural importance, representing a contribution to developing and promoting the rich heritage of our county and enhance our capabilities in tourism.

 

pasteistoucinho.jpg

 (Pastéis toucinho de Arraiolos - Bacon crayons Arraiolos)

 

Typical dishes

Soups:

Açorda de bacalhjau com ovos (Cod with egg Açorda)

Poejada de bacalhau com ovo escalfado (Poejada cod with poached egg)

Sopa de tomates com enchidos e ovo escalfado (Tomato soup with sausages and poached egg)

Meat:

Migas de espargos (Creamed asparagus)

Migas de batatas (Potato Migas)

Migas de broa de milho com couve (Creamed corn bread with cabbage)

Migas de tomate com secretos (Tomato Migas with Secret)

Fish:

Migas de Bacalhau no tarro com gambas e ovo picadinho (Cod Migas in jar with prawns and chopped egg)

Confectionery:

Pastéis toucinho de Arraiolos (Bacon crayons Arraiolos)

 

 

WINE AND OLIVE OIL

ARRAIOLOS

Adega das Mouras de Arraiolos Lda (Cellar of Moorish Arraiolos Lda.)

Monte Mouras, St. Gregory

7040-419 SAINT GREGORY ARL

Wine production

The Cellar draft of the Moorish began in 2000 with the purchase of land by a businessman from Lisbon, Henrique Neves dos Santos.

The estate has a total of more than 300 hectares and is a large part under vines. The estate has a veritable sea of vines over 226ha. We have one of the three largest continuous vineyards of Europe, which was completed between 2004-2005. Older strains are 2002, the year he began planting the vineyard we have today. Between 2000 and 2002 tore up came to grape production table that already existed there and studied the specific terroir cellar of Moorish, in order to prepare the soil for planting wine and decide the varieties named.

The Rosary Colaco master, now deceased, was instrumental in the decisions. The Trincadeira, our Alentejaninha represents 45% of the vineyard, but we still have Aragonez, Cabernet Sauvignon, Touriga Nacional, Syrah, Tinta Caiada, Pinot Noir, Caiada Paint, Tempranillo and Alicante Bouschet as red varieties. As white varieties were chosen exclusively Portuguese 4: Verdelho, Perrum, Antao Vaz and Arinto.

 

adega moiura arraiolos.jpg

 

Herdade dos Coelheiros, Soc. Agrícola SA

Lot of Coelheiros | 7040-202 Igreijinha

  1. (+351) 266 470 000
  2. (+ 351) 266 470 008

The Herdade dos Coelheiros is a family owned, with about 800 ha, adherent to the Alentejo Wine Route, undertaking various activities and products derived from cultures of vineyards, olive groves, walnut orchard, mounted and the tourist hunting area, keeping all the Alentejo tradition features.

In perfect communion with nature, the Coelheiros Hill welcomes the visitor providing for a comfortable stay, the experience and knowledge of farming and hunting, tasting the wines of Tapada Coelheiros, Vineyard Tapada Coelheiros and White Almeida and regional gastronomy, guided tours, a picturesque universe and characteristic history of Évora region.

Classic estate of Alentejo: productions park (vineyards, olive groves, walnut orchard and mounted, ponds, dam and springs) and wild park in mounted with big game and black pig.

Traditional vineyards, conducted in bi-lateral cord, not watered.

White varieties and indigenous inks Alentejo (arinto, wardrobe, antão vaz, trincadeira, Aragonez, Alicante Bouschet and Castellan) and foreign (chardonnay, sauvignon blanc, cabernet sauvignon, merlot, syrah and petit verdot)

Modern winery with traditional processes, according to the rigor of Quality Management and Food Security: ISO 9001 and ISO 22000

Stage cellars in oak barrels.

herdade dos coelheiros.jpg

 

to be continued...

Post by: António Duro

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

publicado às 15:34

Cultural heritage - historical - architecture - religious - Gastronomy - Wine and Olive Oil .

Duration – 1 week 

Circuito do Alentejo capa eng.jpg

11 - ESTREMOZ

Travel: Vila Viçosa »Estremoz: 26 kms

Travel time (expected): 30 minutes.

The City

Estremoz is a Portuguese city in the district of Evora, Alentejo region, Alentejo Central sub-region, with 8662 inhabitants.

It is the seat of a municipality with 513.8 km ² and 14,318 inhabitants (2011), subdivided into nine parishes. The municipality is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Sousel and Frontier, northeast of Monforte, southeast by Borba, south by Redondo and west by Évora and Arraiolos.

It is internationally known for its white marble quarries, called Marble Estremoz. Operation of Estremoz marble has a very ancient origin, as evidenced by the Roman Temple of Évora, which contains marble originating in Estremoz. Is located on the main altar of the Cathedral of Évora.

The Estremoz was awarded the distinction of "Outstanding Villa" issued by the Kings of Portugal to many of their villages; was elevated to city status in 1926.

In 1336, Queen Isabel, then aged 65, went to Estremoz from the Franciscan convent in Coimbra where he was taken after the death of D. Dinis, her husband, in order to avoid a war between his son Afonso IV and the king of Castile Alfonso XI. Afonso IV declared war on Alfonso XI by the mistreatment inflicted this to his wife Maria (daughter of the Portuguese king). The Queen Isabel stood between the two estranged armies, and again avoided the war as had happened in 1323 at the Battle of Alvalade, between the troops of King Dinis and Afonso IV.

Estremoz was the king's death place D. Pedro I, in 1367, in the Franciscan convent.

In the 1383-1385 crisis, was one of the cities that revolted in Alentejo in favor of John of Aviz, shortly after the assassination of Count Andeiro in Lisbon. It was near Estremoz that occurred the first battle between the Portuguese and Spaniards at the time, the battle of Atoleiros wins for the first under the Nuno Alvares Pereira command.

In 1659, it was in Estremoz that the Portuguese army met the orders of D. António Luís de Meneses, Count of Cantanhede, to help Elvas, which was surrounded by a Spanish army, commanded by Don Luis de Haro. From there out to defeat the Spanish in the Battle of Elvas lines and caused huge casualties to their opponents.

In 1663 the Spanish army, commanded by King John of Austria and the Portuguese army, commanded by the Counts of Vila Flor and Schomberg clashed in the fields of Ameixial 5 km from Estremoz. The Spanish army had just won Évora. Consisted of 3,000 knights and 2,000 men on foot, and this is one of the most dangerous Spanish attacks during the War of Restoration. After the battle, the Spanish army withdrew to Badajoz.

In February 1821, Mouzinho da Silveira was in charge of Finance of the collection of diligence in Estremoz.

Estremoz also has the oldest brass band in the country in continuous activity, the Philharmonic Society Luzitana (Royal Philharmonic Luzitana).

 

Castelo de Evora-Monte (Castle Évora Monte)

Castle Évora Monte, also referred to as Evoramonte Castle, is located in the town of Evora Monte, Estremoz, Évora District, Alentejo, Portugal.

Erected in one of the highest points of the Ossa mountain range, in the village center, the top of its walls is dominated a large area around until the Estremoz Castle.

Background

It is believed that the early human occupation of this site dates back to prehistory.

The medieval castle.

At the time of the Christian Reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula, the town was conquered from the Moors by the Portuguese forces commanded by the legendary Geraldo Fearless, around 1160, at which time the castle it started.

Its defenses were recovered by determination of D. Afonso III (1248-1279), sovereign who granted him the first charter (1248), renovated in 1271. These attempts at settlement, however, does not appear to have been successful, since his successor, King Dinis (1279-1325), ordered the fortification of the village (1306), it has gotten around in and the doors.

With the rise of John, Master of Avis to the throne, the Castle of Évora Monte and his dominions passed into the possession of the Constable D. Nuno Alvares Pereira, but eventually integrating the areas of the House of Braganza.

In the early modern period, Manuel I of Portugal (1495-1521) granted Foral New to the village (1516), starting her new constructive stage. Getting the old castle donjon destroyed by the earthquake of 1531, the following year, under the direction of Captain-General, D. Theodosius of Bragança, is rebuilt as a palace of Italian Renaissance-inspired, with risk attributed to Diogo architects and Francisco de Arruda.

19th century to the present day

The town and its castle lost strategic importance over the centuries. Here was signed the Convention of Évora Monte (26 May 1834) closing the Liberal Wars. Finally, on 24 October 1855 its county was definitely extinct, and your old term shared by the neighboring municipalities of Estremoz, Évora, Arraiolos and Redondo.

The castle and around the town were considered as a National Monument by Decree published on 23 June 1910. The consolidation and restoration work began on the end of the 1930s continuing in 1940. New campaigns interventions followed one of 1971 to 1987, giving the monument its current appearance.

The castle, stone masonry and granite stonework has square plan, with circular towers at the corners, mixing elements of the Gothic style with the Renaissance style of Italian inspiration. Internally divided into three floors, with vaulted ceilings, based on stone pillars. In wider in turrets base than at the top, ripping visors. Cloths are adorned with Us carved in stone, typical of the Manueline style.

Castelo-de-Evoramonte.jpg

 

Capela de D. Fradique de Portugal (Chapel of D. Fradique de Portugal)

Situated within the Church of San Francisco and likely foundation of the late 15th century or early 16th century, the Chapel of D. Fradique de Portugal (Viceroy of Catalonia and Archbishop of Zaragoza), is a manufactory clearly funerary monument, according Gonçalo Lopes.

Capela_de_D._Fradique_(altar).jpg

 

Convento dos Congregados (Convent Congregados)

The Convent of Our Lady of Conception Congregados the Oratory of St. Philip Nery Estremoz had royal order of D. Pedro II (r 1675 -. 1706) to be built in 1697. Between 1698 and 1700 begin the works and in 1703 begins its second season, already begun with the church. In the middle of this century are seated the tile panels that are all over the convent. The church was never finished until 1961, the year he began to contract for the rest of the facade construction, completed in 1967. In 1974 they shut the dome of the main chapel. After a few years without work, the church, property of the City Council was transferred to St. Andrew Parish and this ushered in the full church in 1995, almost three centuries after it was started. The facade of the church, rare and erudite element, brought something new to the "monotony" of architecture Alentejo: the main elevation "undulating". Under Italian architectural aesthetics seventeenth connected to Francesco Borromini (n 1599 -.. 1667 m), this dynamic effect appears as opposed to classic Renaissance and Mannerist vein, more static and stable.

 

convento dos congregados.JPG

 

Casa do Alcaide-Mor  (House of Alcaide-Mor)

  1. Sancho de Noronha orders to build this noble house to his private residence around 1450, valuing the medieval village with the most interesting facade of civil architecture in the upper part of Estremoz. This reveals a remarkable hybrid of uniqueness, showing various styles from Mudéjar (15th century and early 16th century, coexisting with the Gothic Final and the Manueline), the Renaissance, the Manueline or Neoclassical.

 

Casa_do_Alcaide-Mor.jpg

 

Claustro do Convento das Maltezas (Convent of the cloister of Maltezas)

The Convent of St. John of Penance, best known for Convent of Maltezas, was the seat of cloistered nuns of the Order of Malta from the century. 16. Your Cloister is the largest of all the convents of the city and shows us the Manueline architecture. Each wing has ten arches, subdivided into four terraced arches and two simple, all sigladas by teachers who provided beds and fashioned stones that constitute them. The stems (central part of the columns) are supported on square bases, whose capitals are presented indifferently simple and plain or with naturalistic motifs. The corbels Dome in warhead, with typically Manueline motifs and anthropomorphic and zoomorphic motifs, are very curious and artistically interesting.

 

maltezes.jpeg

 

Capela da Rainha Santa Isabel (Chapel of Queen Isabel)

The panels in tiles and oil paintings are representative of life and legendary imagery of Santa Isabel Queen, including the miracles attributed to him, which were the cause of his canonization in 1625 by Pope Urban VIII. The lush chorus built in white marble displays a Latin inscription, 1808, to thank the people of Estremoz to St. Elizabeth to have her protected from looting resulting from the Napoleonic wars.

 

capela rainha sta isabel.jpg

 

Conjunto Monumental da Alcáçova de Estremoz - Castelo (Monumental set the Alcazaba de Estremoz – Castle)

In the center of the medieval village comes to Keep, one of the best preserved of the country. With about 27 meters high, has square plan and is crowned with merlons in pyramidal shape. Typical of the Portuguese military architecture of the late 13th century and early 14th century, is what remains of the primitive fortress, along with the trecentista building of City Hall. On the second floor there is a beautiful octagonal room with columns and capitals of animalistic anthropomorphic reasons.

On the terrace are the so-called Three Crowns, representing, according to some authors, the three kingdoms which took place in the works of their deployment.

Pousada de Vila Viçosa, D. João IV

In the main face on the outside, the South depicts the arms of King Afonso III (r. 1245-1279) with two angels to protect them.

Currently occupied by the Pousada da Rainha Santa Isabel, the former Royal Palace was adapted medieval war warehouse in the reign of King John V (r. 1707-1750) in 1736, coming from Carlos Andreis technical assistance of works. It is one of the best examples of Baroque Joanine in Estremoz, with pentagonal plan and flanked by round towers. Of note: the trapezoidal courtyard with a central fountain with a fountain marble dolphins; the access staircase Arms room with two types of tile panels, one in blue and white stripes with baroque and naturalistic motifs, inspired by oriental tapestry, and other ashlars floral motifs, Johannine the mid 18th century; Arms Room, where there are still some gilt and polychrome doors with real shells.

In the old royal convent of the Chagas de Cristo (Christ’s Wounds)

The Pousada de Vila Viçosa, opened in 1996, is installed in the historical centre of this Alentejo city.

The Pousada is found in the old Convento Real das Chagas de Cristo (The Royal Convent of Stigmas of Christ) ordered built by D. Jaime, the forth Duke of Bragança in the sixteenth century.

  1. Jaime ordered the building of this religious house to serve as Pantheon for the Ladies of the House and to welcome his daughters from his second marriage who could not decently marry.

Through the years some legends became associated with the Pousada.

Ever since the mythical presence of the last mother superior, who still watches over by the convent, the attempt to build a direct passage to the Paço Ducal, which lies next to the Pousada.

It is believed that the frescoes of the building were written by Cecilia of the Holy Spirit, poet and painter, who worked in the convent until the date of her death in 1723.

Staying at the Pousada de Vila Viçosa is a trip to the furthest reaches of fantasies, we guarantee extraordinary experiences.

With its themed rooms, staying in this hotel is like sleeping in a museum, where for a moment we are actors in this imaginary world.

From the " Teacher's Room ", that was once a rite of passage of prosperity, the old drawing room, one of the only areas in the convent where men could be present, up to the Duchess’s suite.

Be sure to check the other rooms; spaces of comfort, harmony and modernity.

The Pousada de Vila Viçosa is a genuine lure for those who appreciate the best of Portuguese cuisine. 

The fine cuisine and convent recipes will mark the experience of any who choose to eat at the Pousada’s restaurant.

The D. Carlos Restaurant also offers the best wines of the region (Borba, Estremoz, Redondo, Reguengos and Évora).

In the bar ""Sabores da Terra"" (Flavours of the Earth) you will find the perfect place to snack and relax, enjoying all that the Alentejo cuisine and traditions have to offer.

 

pousada-estremoz-corredor.jpg

 

Torre de Menagem  (Watchtower)

In the center of the medieval village comes to Keep, one of the best preserved of the country. With about 27 meters high, has square plan and is crowned with merlons in pyramidal shape. Typical of the Portuguese military architecture of the late 13th century and early 14th century, is what remains of the primitive fortress, along with the trecentista building of City Hall. On the second floor there is a beautiful octagonal room with columns and capitals of animalistic anthropomorphic reasons.

 

Torres da Couraça (Towers of harness)

In Estremoz, the armor would be an integral part of the medieval wall, possibly coeval of the Keep. All walled structure that connected the towers to the fence was destroyed in the late 17th century.

 

torre da couraça.jpg

 

Ermida da Nossa Senhora dos Mártires (Chapel of Our Lady of Martyrs)

Our Lady of Martyrs is the few chapels of Estremoz Municipality with medieval features.

Artistically, there are several elements to report, with its typically Gothic apse the most recognized. However, inside, there are two important architectural monuments: the Manueline (patent on the arc shot that supports the choir, with pendants decoration balls and socks, with plaited columns, all marble) and the Rococo Home (blue tile panels on white background with episodes of Life of the Virgin and Christ).

 

Igreja S. Francisco (Church of San Francisco)

The interior has a rectangular plan, three naves and five spans. The Gothic verticality provides proof of its medieval foundation, and the decorative elements of this time are of naturalistic feature, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic. The Baroque period is the Tree of Jesse, the reign of King John IV (r. 1640-1656). Was paid by the Brotherhood of Our Lady of the Rosary in 1652. This rare altarpiece in gilt corresponds to one of three beautiful examples that still exist in Portugal.

 

Villa Romana de Santa Vitória do Ameixial

The Roman villa of Santa Vitória do Ameixial have been built in the context of Romanization of the Iberian Peninsula, being inserted in the province of Lusitania, whose capital was situated in Merida (Emerita Augusta).

The villa will have had a first occupation in the century. 1, as documented by the appearance of a Nero and ceramic chip dated this period. However, the most significant occupation in terms of material remains, it is the Lower-Empire (late 3rd century / early 4th century).

The area corresponding to the pars urban villa (plant owners) stretched along the entire elevation down to the West and lying largely under the settlement. This area consists of rooms and corridors paved the mosaic, arranged around a tank, the rock for rainwater harvesting. We also found areas of kitchen and food storage, as well as examples of tanks and a complex network of sanitation and water circulation

 

vila romana ameixial.gif

 

Bacalhoa Vinhos de Portugal (Bacalhôa Wines of Portugal)

Founded in 1922 under the name Joan Smith & Sons, has come a long way, asserting itself as one of the most innovative wine producers in Portugal.

The activity of the company began as the production of wines with grapes from Palmela region. During the 80s, the Bacalhôa Wines of Portugal created a new dynamism, through a strong focus on the most modern techniques of viticulture and enology, creating new paradigms in the national panorama of the production of quality wines.

In 1998, José Berardo became the major shareholder and continued the mission of the company, including investing in planting new vineyards in the modernization of wineries and acquiring new properties as well as through partnership started with Lafitte Rothschild on Fifth do Carmo.

The company acquired the Quinta do Carmo and the Lafitte Rothschild Group got some actions Bacalhôa group Wines of Portugal.

In 2007 Bacalhôa became the largest shareholder in the Alliance, one of the most prestigious producers of high-quality sparkling wines, spirits such as table wines of Portugal.

Bacalhôa Portugal Wines has wineries in the most important regions of Portugal: Douro, Dao, Bairrada, Setúbal Peninsula (Azeitão), Lisbon and Alentejo.

The rich heritage of the company stands out from the Palace and Quinta da Bacalhôa - important national monument of the Renaissance - the Solar and Quinta dos Loridos, where Europe's largest Oriental Garden and the outstanding collection of tiles.

The project implemented in various estates under the theme "Art, Wine, Passion" aims to surprise the most demanding expectations. The vineyards to the wine, all the wine process is involved in various scenarios including tradition and modernity, with several art exhibitions, from painting to sculpture, never forgetting the magnificent natural works, as are ancient olive trees transplanted Alqueva.

With a total capacity of 20 million liters, 15,000 oak barrels and an area of vineyards in production of about 1000 hectares, Bacalhôa Portugal wines continues its commitment to innovation in the sector, with a view to creating wines that provide to all its unique experiences and surprising consumers with a high quality and consistency.

 

bacalhoa.jpg

 

Gastronomy

ESTREMOZ

The regional cuisine, created from a reduced variety of ingredients and simple process, found the wisdom of the people, is a treat for the senses.

Predominate meat pork and lamb, traditional soups spicy wheat bread with herbs (which grow naturally in the fields), sheep milk cheese and sausages.

The monastic tradition offers sweets made on the basis of egg yolks, almonds and gila.

Holder of a unique cultural heritage and a number of hotel units, accessible to different "bags", Estremoz attracts more and more visitors.

 

cozido grao.jpeg

 (Cozido de grao a alentejaa - Grain cooked to Alentejo)

 

Typical dishes

Soups:

Sopa de Caçao (Cation soup)

Sopa de hortela (Mint Soup)

Sopa da panela (Pot of soup)

Sopa de cebola (Onion soup)

Sopa de tomate (Tomato soup)

Sopa de espargo bravo (Asparagus soup brave)

Sopa de baldroegas (Purslane soup)

Açorda

Gazpacho

Sopa de batatas (Potato soup)

Fish:

Caçao de coentrada (Tion with coriander)

Poejada de bacalhau (Poejada cod)

Meat:

Ensopado de Borrego (Lamb stew)

Borrego assado no forno (Lamb roast)

Cozido de grao a alentejaa (Grain cooked to Alentejo)

Pézinhos de coentrada (Trotters with coriander)

Feijão branco com cabeça ou orelha de porco (White beans with pig's head or ear)

 

Burras assadas (baked Burras)

Cabeças de Borrego assadas (Roasted lamb heads)

Linguas estufadas (language steamed)

Cachola (nut)

Túbaros

Favas com Mouros (Broad beans with Moorish)

Game dishes:

Lebre estufada com Nabos (Hare stewed with turnips)

Guisado de javali (Boar stew)

Confectionery:

Sopa dourada (golden soup)

Pao de rala (Bread thin)

Encharcada (soaked)

Barrigas de freira ("Bellies of Nun")

"Toucinho da Madre Abadessa” (Bacon of the Mother Abbess)

Queijadas

Bolema 

 

WINE AND OLIVE OIL

ESTREMOZ

Bacalhoa Vinhos de Portugal, SA (Bacalhôa, Portugal Wines, SA)

Herdade das Carvalhas, 7100-040 Estremoz

  1. (+351) 268 337 320
  2. (+ 351) 268 337 321

Bacalhôa Wines of Portugal, founded in 1922, under the name Joan Smith & Sons, has come a long way, asserting itself as one of the most innovative wine producers in Portugal.

The activity of the company began as the production of wines with grapes from Palmela region. During the 80s, the Bacalhôa Wines of Portugal created a new dynamism, through a strong focus on the most modern techniques of viticulture and enology, creating new paradigms in the national panorama of the production of quality wines.

In 1998, José Berardo became the major shareholder and continued the mission of the company, including investing in planting new vineyards in the modernization of wineries and acquiring new properties as well as through partnership started with Lafitte Rothschild on Fifth do Carmo.

The company acquired the Quinta do Carmo and the Lafitte Rothschild Group got some actions Bacalhôa group Wines of Portugal.

In 2007 Bacalhôa became the largest shareholder in the Alliance, one of the most prestigious producers of high-quality sparkling wines, spirits such as table wines of Portugal.

Bacalhôa Portugal Wines has wineries in the most important regions of Portugal: Douro, Dao, Bairrada, Setúbal Peninsula (Azeitão), Lisbon and Alentejo.

The rich heritage of the company stands out from the Palace and Quinta da Bacalhôa - important national monument of the Renaissance - the Solar and Quinta dos Loridos, where Europe's largest Oriental Garden and the outstanding collection of tiles.

The project implemented in various estates under the theme "Art, Wine, Passion" aims to surprise the most demanding expectations. The vineyards to the wine, all the wine process is involved in various scenarios including tradition and modernity, with several art exhibitions, from painting to sculpture, never forgetting the magnificent natural works, as are ancient olive trees transplanted Alqueva.

With a total capacity of 20 million liters, 15,000 oak barrels and an area of vineyards in production of about 1000 hectares, Bacalhôa Portugal wines continues its commitment to innovation in the sector, with a view to creating wines that provide to all its unique experiences and surprising consumers with a high quality and consistency.

Adega do Monte Branco (Mont Blanc Cellar)

Apartado 21, 7100-145 Estremoz

  1. (+351) 268 098 077
  2. (+ 351) 268 098 078

Built in 2006, the Mont Blanc Winery is located in Estremoz and has capacity to produce 200,000 liters of wine.

 After 6 years of experience working in Quinta do Mouro with his Father, and you have finished their higher education, which also featured an accomplished stage in Sonoma County - California, in 2004 Luís Louro decides to push ahead with his personal project in wine production.

 This project, its mission, the production of wines in the Alentejo, mostly based on Portuguese grape varieties. This mission said the main pillars / values of the project: modernity, quality and price.

It is intended that these wines, produced from owned and leased vineyards grapes, are wines with a modern profile with an excellent quality / price ratio, which will meet the expectations of today's consumers, but at the same time have a distinct personality and character, as will the association to the site and the producer and thus make them so different from the competition.

Environment / Landscape:

The Mont Blanc Winery is located in Estremoz, Alentejo town where there is the highest concentration of wine producers with its own natural and climatic characteristics for the production of excellent Portuguese wines.

Special features of the vineyard:

The 25 came from the farm ha are planted in two soil types: granite and limestone.

The vines are conducted in bilateral cord and have a planting density of 3200 and 3700 trees per hectare.

The varieties used are: Aragonez, Trincadeira, Alicante Bouschet, Touriga Nacional, Merlot, Syrah in paint, and white Wardrobe, Arinto and Antão Vaz.

All wines in the cellar, are produced with grapes from only of owned and leased vineyards where Luís Louro assume technical responsibility for the entire process, from grape production to the production of wine.

 

monte branco.jpg

J. Portugal Ramos Vinhos, SA (J. Portugal Ramos, SA Wines)

Vila Santa | 7100-149 Estremo

(+351) 268 339 91 (+ 351) 268 339 918

For over 20 years the name João Portugal Ramos is linked to Portuguese wines, first as consultant winemaker known brands of wine and, since 1992, as bottler producer. The success and awards accumulated throughout his career earned him national and international recognition as a major contributor to the evolution of Portuguese wines in the last decade.

The Alentejo was the region chosen to produce their first wines. In 1990, João Portugal Ramos planted the first five hectares of vineyards in Estremoz, where he lives since 1988, starting his personal project. Extended its activity beyond the Alentejo since 1989, reaching the Ribatejo, the borders and the Douro.

At this time the vineyard area totals 500 hectares in Alentejo.

The winery building in Estremoz, Vila Santa, began in 1997 and was expanded in 2000.

Environment / Landscape in which it operates:

It's legendary calm with in Alentejo like to enjoy every moment of life, and so we opened the door of the Villa Santa in Estremoz, so you can taste the wines of João Portugal Ramos with time and tranquility necessary, the good way Alentejo.

The pretext is to know the work of one of the most prestigious producers in the country and, by the way, also discover up the reasons for his passion for the Alentejo.

 Special features of vineyard or winery:

This Winery placed Estremoz on the route of the great wines, welcoming travelers from around the world. A walk or a lunch with friends, customers or employees are an excellent excuse and offer the time and tranquility ideal for here taste their wines and local cuisine. With store, tasting room, meeting room and dining room, a cellar Vila Santa opens the doors for you to discover, taste and take home wines that are the perfect memory of this land.

 

j po4rtrugal vinhos.jpg

 

to be continued...

Post by: António Duro

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